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Table 6 Targets for the control of blood pressure

From: Cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus: progress toward personalized management

Parameter Target Population Guideline References
Blood pressure  < 140/90 mmHg Patients with T2DM and stable coronary artery disease or with higher blood pressure target AHA [95]
 < 130/80 mmHg Patients with a higher risk of stroke and microvascular complications
 < 140/90 mmHg Patients with DM and hypertension at lower risk for CVD (10 year atherosclerotic CVD risk < 15%) ADA [91]
 < 130/80 mmHg Patients with DM and hypertension at higher CV risk (existing atherosclerotic CVD or 10-year atherosclerotic CVD risk ≥ 15%)
110–135/85 mmHg Pregnant women with DM and preexisting hypertension
 < 120/80 mmHg Patients who need lifestyle intervention
130—139 / < 80 but not < 70 mmHg Older people (aged > 65 years) ESC/EASD [94]
130/ < 80 but not < 70 mmHg and < 130/ < 80 but not < 70 mmHg if tolerated Patients with hypertension and DM
 < 140/90 mmHg All treated patients ESC [41]
120–130 / < 80 mmHg Younger patients (18–69 years)
130–139/ < 80 mmHg and < 130 / < 80 mmHg if tolerated Patients aged ≥ 70 years
  1. DM diabetes mellitus, CVD cardiovascular disease, T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus, ASCVD atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, ADA American Diabetes Association, ESC European Society of Cardiology, EASD European Association for the Study of Diabetes, AHA American Heart Association