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Table 2 Echocardiographic characteristics of the various identified clusters in the Jackson Heart Study

From: Patients phenotypes and cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetes: the Jackson Heart Study

Echocardiographic characteristics Cluster1 (n = 260) Cluster 2 (n = 150) Cluster 3 (n = 119) P value
LVMI (g/m2) 64.23 ± 0.71 77.29 ± 0.94 104.92 ± 1.05 < 0.0001
LVEDV (mL) 142.44 ± 1.56 170.28 ± 2.05 182.23 ± 2.30 < 0.0001
LVEDVi (mL/m2) 68.29 ± 0.67 84.09 ± 0.89 91.33 ± 1.00 < 0.0001
LVESV (mL) 50.37 ± 1.08 59.46 ± 1.42 68.80 ± 1.60 < 0.0001
LVESVi (mL/m2) 24.08 ± 0.49 29.27 ± 0.65 34.41 ± 0.73 < 0.0001
LVEF (%) 63.02 ± 0.40 64.03 ± 0.52 63.11 ± 0.59ns 0.28
LAi (mm/m2) 16.8 ± 0.20 17.9 ± 0.20 18.3 ± 0.20 < 0.0001
E/A ratio 0.98 ± 0.02 0.97 ± 0.02ns 0.91 ± 0.02 0.053
  1. Values are reported as mean ± SD—All comparisons with mean in cluster 1 were significant
  2. E/A: ratio between peak early and late diastolic velocities; LAi: left atrial diameter indexed; LVEDV: left ventricular end-diastolic volume; LVEDVi : left ventricular end-diastolic volume indexed to body surface area; LVEF: left ventricular ejection fraction; LVESV = left ventricular end-systolic volume; LVESVi : left ventricular end-systolic volume mass indexed to body surface area; LVMi = left ventricular mass indexed to body surface area