Skip to main content

Table 2 Angiographical characteristics of the study population

From: Effect of type 2 diabetes on coronary artery ectasia: smaller lesion diameter and shorter lesion length but similar adverse cardiovascular events

  Non-DM group DM2 group P
Patient no. 870 258  
Combined CAD (%)    0.052
 None 102 (11.7) 15 (5.8)  
 Single vessel 173 (19.9) 43 (16.7)  
 Double vessels 222 (25.5) 78 (30.2)  
 Three vessels 295 (33.9) 99 (38.4)  
 LM only 3 (0.3) 0 (0.0)  
 LM  +  single vessel 6 (0.7) 2 (0.8)  
 LM  +  double vessels 13 (1.5) 1 (0.4)  
 LM  +  three vessels 56 (6.4) 20 (7.8)  
SYNTAX score 14.00 [7.00, 21.00] 15.50 [8.25, 22.00] 0.048
SYNTAX score level (%)    0.376
 Low (≤ 22) 668 (76.8) 195 (75.6)  
 Mid (> 22 and ≤ 32) 166 (19.1) 47 (18.2)  
 High (> 32) 36 (4.1) 16 (6.2)  
LM ectasia 108 (12.4) 23 (8.9) 0.153
LAD ectasia 363 (41.7) 110 (42.6) 0.85
LCX ectasia 333 (38.3) 97 (37.6) 0.901
RCA ectasia 540 (62.1) 146 (56.6) 0.131
Markis classification    0.06
 Type I 63 (7.2) 9 (3.5)  
 Type II 185 (21.3) 59 (22.9)  
 Type III 223 (25.6) 56 (21.7)  
 Type IV 399 (45.9) 134 (51.9)  
Diffuse dilation 472 (54.3) 124 (48.1) 0.093
Focal dilation (aneurysms) 398 (45.7) 134 (51.9%) 0.093
Big CAE (max diameter  > 5 mm) 577 (66.3) 147 (57.0) 0.007
Contrast agent stasis 236 (27.1) 56 (21.7) 0.096
Thrombus in dilated segment 16 (1.8) 4 (1.6) 0.968
Calcification in dilated segment 52 (6.0) 23 (8.9) 0.128
Max. lesion diameter 5.47 [4.67, 6.29] 5.26 [4.46, 5.98] 0.004
Max. lesion length 31.34 [13.32, 62.97] 25.20 [10.39, 46.76] 0.002
  1. Values are mean  ±  SD, n (%), or median [interquartile range] unless otherwise stated
  2. CAD coronary artery disease; CAE coronary artery ectasia; LAD left anterior descending artery; LCX left circumflex artery; LM left main; RCA right coronary artery; SYNTAX synergy between PCI with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery