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Table 2 Association between anthropometric variables and risk of higher MetS score

From: The prediction of Metabolic Syndrome alterations is improved by combining waist circumference and handgrip strength measurements compared to either alone

  Female Male
Anthropometric variables Model 1* Model 2§   Model 1* Model 2§
  Mean (Lwr-Upp) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) Mean (Lwr-Upp) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Handgrip strength (kg)
T3 29.5 (24–83.3) Ref     44.7 (38.33–90) Ref    
T2 21.5 (19.7–23.7) 1.28 1.10–1.50 1.12 0.95–1.31 34.0 (30.33–38) 0.78 0.64–0.96 0.74 0.60–0.91
T1 15.9 (7.7–19.3) 1.39 1.20–1.61 1.09 0.93–1.27 24.5 (8–30) 0.84 0.69–1.04 0.79 0.63–0.98
Handgrip strength/bodyweight
T3 0.48 (0.39–1.59) Ref     0.65 (0.54–1.76) Ref    
T2 0.34 (0.3–0.39) 1.61 1.38–1.88 1.45 1.24–1.69 0.49 (0.43–0.54) 1.44 1.18–1.77 1.35 1.10–1.66
T1 0.24 (0.12–0.3) 2.32 1.99–2.71 1.91 1.63–2.24 0.35 (0.11–0.43) 2.33 1.89–2.86 2.13 1.72–2.63
Waist circumference (cm)
T1 72.5 (42–79) Ref     76.6 (53.85–83) Ref    
T2 83.8 (79.0–88.4) 2.84 2.42–3.33 2.52 2.15–2.95 87.6 (83.05–92) 2.97 2.40–3.67 2.78 2.24–3.44
T3 96.4 (88.5–143.8) 4.72 4.02–5.55 3.98 3.39–4.69 100.2 (92.05–138) 6.93 5.55–8.65 6.38 5.07–8.02
Waist to hip ratio
T1 0.77 (0.42–0.82) Ref     0.86 (0.53–0.9) Ref    
T2 0.85 (0.82–0.88) 2.36 2.02–2.77 2.13 1.81–2.49 0.93 (0.9–0.96) 2.08 1.69–2.56 2.08 1.69–2.56
T3 0.93 (0.88–2.2) 3.81 3.25–4.47 3.00 2.55–3.54 1.02 (0.96–2.38) 3.96 3.20–4.90 3.85 3.09–4.78
Body mass index (kg/m2)
T1 22.3 (15.8–25) Ref     22.2 (16.22–24.98) Ref    
T2 27.2 (25–30) 2.29 1.98–2.64 2.15 1.85–2.48 27.1 (25–29.93) 3.39 2.81–4.09 3.33 2.74–4.03
T3 33.6 (30.0–58.3) 3.38 2.84–4.02 3.20 2.68–3.82 32.7 (30–58.03) 4.92 3.75–6.47 4.65 3.51–6.15
  1. *Unadjusted analysis
  2. §Analysis adjusted by age, socioeconomic status, income, education level,alcohol use, tabacco use, location, physical activity