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Table 3 Estimated Kaplan–Meier events rates of 4-year follow-up

From: The atherogenic index of plasma plays an important role in predicting the prognosis of type 2 diabetic subjects undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: results from an observational cohort study in China

Adverse eventsOverall populationPropensity score-matched population
High AIP (n = 937)Low AIP (n = 1419)Adjusted HRa (95% CI)P ValueHigh AIP (n = 821)Low AIP (n = 821)HR (95% CI)P value
MACCE253 (27.0)230 (16.2)1.638 (1.363–1.969)< 0.001214 (26.1)145 (17.7)1.614 (1.303–2.001)< 0.001
All-cause death40 (4.3)33 (2.3)1.690 (1.049–2.724)0.03134 (4.1)21 (2.6)1.750 (1.003–3.054)0.049
Cardiac death28 (3.0)19 (1.3)2.184 (1.197–3.984)0.01124 (2.9)11 (1.3)2.615 (1.251–5.470)0.011
Cardiac death/MI71 (7.58)50 (3.52)2.199 (1.531–3.158)< 0.00158 (7.06)30 (3.65)1.968 (1.266–3.058)0.003
MI58 (6.3)41 (2.9)1.962 (1.301–2.960)0.00147 (5.8)25 (3.1)2.080 (1.267–3.415)0.004
Repeat revascularization210 (22.9)190 (13.5)1.644 (1.343–2.013)< 0.001177 (22.0)119 (14.6)1.628 (1.285–2.062)< 0.001
TVR125 (13.6)99 (7.0)1.768 (1.347–2.322)< 0.001105 (13.1)60 (7.4)1.809 (1.310–2.498)< 0.001
Non-TVR85 (9.4)91 (6.5)1.413 (1.043–1.916)0.02672 (9.0)59 (7.3)1.314 (0.927–1.865)0.125
Stroke23 (2.5)27 (1.9)1.124 (0.628–2.014)0.69420 (2.5)17 (2.1)1.191 (0.610–2.325)0.608
  1. Values expressed are n (%) or hazard ratio (95% confidence interval). The percentages shown are Kaplan–Meier estimates from the intention to treat analysis
  2. Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events included cardiac death, myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization, and stroke
  3. AIP atherogenic index of plasma, CI indicates confidence interval, HR hazard ratio, MACCE major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event, MI myocardial infarction, TVR target vessel revascularization
  4. aHazard ratio was adjusted with age, body mass index, sex, medical history, medical treatment