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Table 2 Comparison of CMR findings among T2DM patients with/without CKD and normal controls

From: The additive effects of kidney dysfunction on left ventricular function and strain in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients verified by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging

  Controls
(n = 52)
T2DM patients
Without CKD
(n = 72)
With CKD
(n = 33)
LV function parameters
 LVEDV, mL 121.09 ± 27.13 139.04 ± 61.75 161.04 (112.09–209.46)a
 LVESV, mL 44.86 ± 12.41 62.48 ± 55.31a 75.90 (42.13–143.34)a
 LVSV, mL 76.40 ± 18.56 76.55 ± 23.96 75.89 ± 36.97
 LVEF, % 62.62 ± 5.80 58.45 ± 14.14 47.94 (31.33–65.10)a,b
 LV mass, g 72.14 ± 19.12 96.14 ± 34.18a 124.02 ± 49.32a,b
 LV remodelling index, g/mL 0.58 ± 0.13 0.73 ± 0.20a 0.77 ± 0.29a
Peak strain(%)
 Radial 38.42 ± 8.73 30.82 ± 10.48a 20.79 ± 12.02a,b
 Circumferential – 19.94 ± 2.71 – 19.37 ± 5.48 – 13.48 ± 6.16a,b
 Longitudinal – 14.82 ± 3.33 – 13.49 ± 3.78 – 8.35 ± 3.39a,b
PSSR(1/s)
 Radial 2.14 ± 0.65 1.67 ± 1.07a 1.28 ± 0.73a
 Circumferential – 0.97 ± 0.37 – 0.95 ± 0.48 – 0.82 ± 0.38
 Longitudinal – 0.76 ± 0.44 – 0.76 ± 0.70 – 0.61 ± 0.28
PDSR(1/s)
 Radial – 2.80 ± 0.91 – 1.72 ± 1.74a – 1.10 ± 0.90a
 Circumferential 1.25 ± 0.27 1.10 ± 0.39a 0.80 ± 0.35a,b
 Longitudinal 0.94 ± 0.28 0.95 ± 0.65 0.62 ± 0.26a,b
  1. aT2DM patients vs. controls (P < 0.05)
  2. bT2DM patients with CKD vs. T2DM patients without CKD (P < 0.05)
  3. T2DM type 2 diabetes diabetes mellitus, LV left ventricular, EDV end diastolic volume, ESV end systolic volume, SV stroke volume, EF ejection fraction, PSSR peak systolic strain rate, PDSR peak diastolic strain rate