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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population according to origin and adolescent BMI groups

From: Adolescent BMI and early-onset type 2 diabetes among Ethiopian immigrants and their descendants: a nationwide study

  Native Israelis Ethiopian Israelis
Underweight BMI < 18.5 Normal BMI 18.5 ≤ BMI < 25 High BMI BMI ≥ 25 Underweight BMI < 18.5 Normal BMI 18.5 ≤ BMI < 25 High BMI BMI ≥ 25
Men
Total number 7,435 42,600 10,736 5,307 10,708 1,035
Israeli-born (%) 100 100 100 32.5 24.6 59.7
Mean age (years ± SD) 17.3 ± 0.5 17.3 ± 0.5 17.4 ± 0.6 17.7 ± 0.7 17.8 ± 0.8 17.5 ± 0.6
Mean BMI (kg/m2 ± SD) 17.5 ± 0.8 21.3 ± 1.7 28.5 ± 3.3 17.3 ± 0.9 20.6 ± 1.6 28.4 ± 3.3
Mean weight (kg ± SD) 53.2 ± 4.8 64.7 ± 7.2 86.7 ± 12.3 51.0 ± 4.7 59.8 ± 6.6 84.8 ± 11.9
Mean height (cm ± SD) 173.9 ± 6.8 174.0 ± 6.7 174.1 ± 6.8 171.5 ± 6.8 170.3 ± 6.6 172.9 ± 7.1
Full education (%) 92.0 92.5 92.1 90.8 91.4 92.3
Low SES (%) 43.2 43.6 46.9 35.1 36.1 35.8
Medium SES (%) 35.2 35.4 36.2 62.0 60.4 61.1
High SES (%) 21.6 21.0 16.9 2.9 3.5 3.1
Low cognitive score (%) 23.2 20.6 25.1 65.6 63.3 64.5
Medium cognitive score (%) 62.2 64.1 63.5 34.2 36.3 34.8
High cognitive score (%) 14.2 15.4 11.4 0.2 0.3 0.7
Women
Total number 4,685 23,170 5,180 3,114 6,507 1,013
Israeli-born (%) 100 100 100 36.5 34.5 51.6
Mean age (years ± SD) 17.1 ± 0.3 17.1 ± 0.3 17.2 ± 0.4 17.6 ± 0.7 17.6 ± 0.7 17.5 ± 0.7
Mean BMI (kg/m2 ± SD) 17.5 ± 0.8 21.3 ± 1.7 28.5 ± 3.4 17.2 ± 0.9 20.9 ± 1.7 28.1 ± 3.0
Mean weight (kg ± SD) 46.6 ± 4.1 56.0 ± 6.1 75.1 ± 10.9 44.3 ± 4.0 53.1 ± 5.8 72.3 ± 9.9
Mean height (cm ± SD) 163.0 ± 6.3 162.1 ± 6.1 162.2 ± 6.4 160.4 ± 6.0 159.1 ± 6.1 160.1 ± 6.7
Full education (%) 98.3 98.5 97.3 93.1 92.8 94.8
Low SES (%) 16.5 17.7 20.0 33.9 34.1 30.7
Medium SES (%) 49.3 49.8 52.8 64.2 62.8 65.5
High SES (%) 34.2 32.5 27.2 1.9 3.1 3.8
Low cognitive score (%) 14.6 12.7 18.3 62.1 62.5 60.7
Medium cognitive score (%) 73.6 74.3 72.5 37.6 37.2 38.5
High cognitive score (%) 11.8 13.0 9.2 0.3 0.3 0.8
  1. BMI vales are presented in kg/m2 units. SES socioeconomic status (according to residence)