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Table 3 Independent predictors for ruptured culprit plaque

From: Effect of 1,5-anhydroglucitol levels on culprit plaque rupture in diabetic patients with acute coronary syndrome

Model 1 Univariate Multivariate Model 2 Univariate Multivariate
OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value
Age 0.992 (0.958, 1.028) 0.672    Age (≥ 65 years) 0.869 (0.414, 1.824) 0.710   
Female 1.305 (0.608, 2.801) 0.494    Female 1.305 (0.608, 2.801) 0.494   
Current smoking 2.278 (0.961, 5.398) 0.062 2.647 (1.018, 6.883) 0.046 Current smoking 2.278 (0.961, 5.398) 0.062 3.529 (1.292, 9.638) 0.014
Duration of diabetes 1.059 (0.991, 1.130) 0.090    Duration of diabetes (Upper tertile, ≥ 4.8 years) 1.773 (0.851, 3.695) 0.126   
Body mass index 1.102 (0.978, 1.243) 0.111    Body mass index (> 30 kg/m2) 1.956 (0.943, 4.055) 0.071   
LVEF 0.968 (0.932, 1.006) 0.095    LVEF (< 40%) 1.718 (0.659, 4.479) 0.268   
TG 1.353 (0.961, 1.906) 0.084    TG (> 1.70 mmol/L) 1.681 (0.810, 3.490) 0.164   
Non-HDL-C 1.904 (1.233, 2.940) 0.004 1.983 (1.236, 3.183) 0.005 non-HDL-C (≥ 4.1 mmol/L) 4.016 (1.736, 9.293) 0.001 4.857 (1.871, 12.61) 0.001
hs-CRP 1.007 (0.940, 1.080) 0.837    hs-CRP (> 3 mg/L) 1.372 (0.668, 2.817) 0.389   
1,5-AG 0.914 (0.856, 0.976) 0.007 0.916 (0.852, 0.985) 0.018 1, 5-AG (Lower tertile, < 9.78 µg/mL) 3.631 (1.752, 7.524) 0.001 3.421 (1.446, 8.092) 0.005
FBG 1.176 (1.019, 1.357) 0.026    FBG (≥ 7.0 mmol/L) 1.367 (0.685, 2.729) 0.375   
HbA1c 1.989 (1.083, 3.653) 0.027    HbA1c (> 7%) 1.996 (0.984, 4.048) 0.055 2.458 (1.081, 5.586) 0.032
Urinary 8-iso-PGF 1.005 (1.000, 1.010) 0.042    Urinary 8-iso-PGF (Upper tertile, > 140 pmol/mmolCr) 2.493 (1.222, 5.085) 0.012   
  1. Model 1: Age, duration of diabetes, body mass index, LVEF, TG, non-HDL-C, hs-CRP, 1,5-AG, FBG, HbA1c and urinary 8-iso-PGF were included as continuous variables. Model 2: All variables were included as categorized variables
  2. LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, TG triglycerides, non-HDL-C non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, hs-CRP high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, 1,5-AG 1,5-anhydroglucitol, FBG fasting blood glucose, HbA1c hemoglobin A1c, 8-iso-PGF 8-iso-prostaglandin F