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Table 1 General characteristics of study subjects according to sleep disturbance

From: Association of sleep disturbance with risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in patients with new-onset type 2 diabetes: data from the Korean NHIS-HEALS

VariablesTotalSleep disturbancep-value
YesNo
N%N%
Total36,0588702.435,18897.6 
Women14,03040446.413,62638.7< .001
Age (years)< .001
 40–6427,00949256.626,51775.4 
 65≤904937843.4867124.6 
BMI (kg/m2)< .001
  ≤ 18.5614232.65911.7 
 18.5–23898525329.1873224.8 
 23–25867818421.1849424.1 
 25–3012,65824628.312,41235.3 
 ≥ 301511333.814784.2 
BP (mmHg)
 Systolic131.1 ± 17.5128.917.3131.117.5< .001
 Diastolic81.4 ± 11.279.811.181.511.2< .001
Fasting glucose (mg/dL)117.8 ± 43.2114.248.9117.843.10.044
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)203.1 ± 39.7201.840.8203.239.70.360
Family history of diabetes2218505.721686.20.897
Current smoking800014416.6785622.30.002
Heavy alcohol drinking2034364.119985.70.113
Physical activity14,82528833.114,53741.3< .001
Income level0.020
 Low11,59729634.011,30132.1 
 Middle13,64129033.313,35137.9 
 High10,82028432.610,53629.9 
Area of residence0.341
 Metropolitan554712914.8541815.4 
 Urban977622025.3955627.2 
 Rural20,73552159.920,21457.4 
Comorbidities
 Hypertension14,87749356.714,38440.9< .001
 Dyslipidemia972644551.1928126.4< .001
 CKD17780.91690.50.067
 Depression277624227.825347.2< .001
 COPD248813215.223566.7< .001
 Cancer267114817.025237.2< .001
  1. BMI: body mass index; BP: blood pressure; CKD: chronic kidney disease; COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  2. Values are presented as mean ± SD or n (%)