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Table 1 Clinical profile in patients with CAD and LE-PAD

From: Diabetes mellitus and other cardiovascular risk factors in lower-extremity peripheral artery disease versus coronary artery disease: an analysis of 1,121,359 cases from the nationwide databases

 Age (years)Age ≥ 75 yearsMale sexSmoking
CAD70.0 ± 11.2 (Ref)37.9% (Ref)75.1% (Ref)30.7% (Ref)
LE-PAD73.5 ± 9.3 (+ 3.5 [3.4–3.6])48.0% (1.51 [1.49–1.53])71.6% (0.83 [0.82–0.84])33.3% (1.13 [1.11–1.14])
ACS69.4 ± 12.2 (Ref)37.2% (Ref)75.2% (Ref)34.7% (Ref)
SA70.7 ± 10.1 (+ 1.3 [1.3–1.3])38.7% (1.06 [1.06–1.07])75.1% (1.00 [0.99–1.01])26.6% (0.68 [0.67–0.69])
CLI74.4 ± 10.1 (+ 5.0 [4.9–5.1])52.3% (1.85 [1.82–1.89])65.6% (0.63 [0.62–0.64])26.5% (0.68 [0.66–0.69])
IC73.0 ± 8.7 (+ 3.5 [3.5–3.6])45.2% (1.39 [1.37–1.41])75.6% (1.02 [1.00–1.04])37.9% (1.15 [1.13–1.17])
 HypertensionDyslipidemiaDiabetes mellitusEnd-stage renal disease on dialysis
CAD73.1% (Ref)61.1% (Ref)41.2% (Ref)5.5% (Ref)
LE-PAD77.6% (1.28 [1.26–1.30])48.6% (0.60 [0.59–0.61])57.9% (1.96 [1.94–1.99])27.3% (6.39 [6.29–6.49])
ACS69.8% (Ref)58.2% (Ref)37.9% (Ref)4.3% (Ref)
SA76.5% (1.40 [1.39–1.42])64.1% (1.28 [1.27–1.29])44.6% (1.32 [1.31–1.33])6.8% (1.64 [1.61–1.66])
CLI73.0% (1.17 [1.14–1.20])38.4% (0.45 [0.44–0.46])65.5% (3.12 [3.05–3.19])45.5% (18.7 [18.2–19.1])
IC80.7% (1.81 [1.77–1.85])55.5% (0.89 [0.88–0.91])52.7% (1.83 [1.80–1.86])14.9% (3.91 [3.81–4.01])
  1. Data are mean ± SD (difference [95% CI]) for continuous variables and percentage (odds ratio [95% CI]) for dichotomous variables. LE-PAD was compared to CAD, whereas SA, CLI, and IC were compared to ACS
  2. CAD coronary artery disease, LE-PAD lower-extremity peripheral artery disease, ACS acute coronary syndrome, SA stable angina, CLI critical limb ischemia, IC intermittent claudication