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Table 1 Baseline clinical characteristics of the study population

From: Relationships of coronary culprit-plaque characteristics with duration of diabetes mellitus in acute myocardial infarction: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

Variable Non-DM (n = 184) Short-DM (n = 64) Long-DM (n = 31) P value PNon vs. Short PShort vs. Long PNon vs. Long
Age, years 57.5 ± 11.6 55.2 ± 11.5 61.0 ± 10.5 0.063    
BMI, kg/m2 25.8 ± 4.0 27.1 ± 3.4 26.1 ± 2.8 0.072    
Men 152 (82.6) 50 (78.1) 27 (87.1) 0.586    
Smoking 127 (69.0) 43 (67.2) 24 (77.4) 0.623    
Medical history
 Hypertension 102 (55.4) 41 (64.1) 20 (64.5) 0.378    
 Dyslipidemia 168 (91.3) 56 (87.5) 29 (93.5) 0.630    
 Prior PCI 12 (6.5) 5 (7.8) 4 (12.9) 0.388    
Laboratory findings
 White blood cell count, × 106/L 10.6 ± 3.2 10.9 ± 3.2 10.0 ± 2.7 0.624    
 Hs-CRP, mg/L 5.3 (2.4, 10.9) 6.6 (2.9, 10.3) 4.0 (2.6, 10.6) 0.840    
 eGFR, mL/min/1.73 m2 97.3 (77.7, 114.3) 99.9 (88.2, 119.1) 93.2 (77.8, 107.3) 0.119    
 HbA1c,  % 5.7 (5.5, 5.9) 7.6 (6.8, 8.9) 8.4 (7.7, 9.8) < 0.001* < 0.001* 0.001* < 0.001*
 TC, mg/dL 164.0 (139.2, 195.2) 172.1 (155.8, 203.2) 175.9 (130.7, 205.0) 0.172    
 TG, mg/dL 114.7 (73.7, 167.8) 154.5 (104, 215.8) 144.3 (90.3, 206.3) 0.001* 0.006* 0.996 0.046
 LDL-C, mg/dL 104 (82.6, 127.5) 114.5 (95.3, 133.0) 103.6 (78.9,128.4) 0.279    
 HDL-C, mg/dL 41.4 (35.6, 48.3) 39.3 (35.3, 45.7) 39.8 (34.8, 47.6) 0.417    
 Lipoprotein (a), mg/L 179.8 (84.5, 393) 107.5 (49,311.4) 149.0 (87.1, 315.0) 0.825    
 LVEF, % 54.7 ± 6.5 56.6 ± 5.2 53.9 ± 5.4 0.062    
Prior medications
 Aspirin 64 (34.8) 29 (45.3) 12 (38.7) 0.310    
 P2Y12 inhibitor 43 (23.4) 17 (26.6) 11 (35.5) 0.323    
 Statin 34 (18.5) 8 (12.5) 5 (16.1) 0.592    
DM control
 Insulin   5 (7.8) 11 (35.5)     
 Oral hypoglycemic agents   40 (62.5) 18 (58.1)     
 Diet only   19 (29.7) 2 (6.5)     
  1. Continuous data are presented as mean ± standard deviation or median (25th, 75th percentile). Categorical data are presented as number (%)
  2. BMI body mass index, DM diabetes mellitus, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, HbA1c glycosylated hemoglobin, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, Hs-CRP high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, Long-DM patients with a long duration of diabetes, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, Non-DM patients without diabetes, Short-DM patients with a short duration of diabetes, TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride
  3. * P < 0.05