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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study population

From: The association between fasting plasma glucose and glycated hemoglobin in the prediabetes range and future development of hypertension

  Total
n = 5016
Normal
n = 2619
Prediabetes
n = 2397
p value
Agea (year) 53.5 (9.9) 51.03 (9.7) 55.94 (9.7) p < .0001
Male genderb (%) 3476 (69.4) 1678 (64.1) 1798 (75.2) p < .0001
FPG (mg/dl)a 94.00 (10.72) 88.24 (7.49) 100.12 (10.27) p < .0001
HbA1C % 5.5 5.2 5.8 p < .0001
BMIa 25.90 (3.75) 25.26 (3.73) 26.61 (3.64) p < .0001
SBP (mmHg)a 120 (15) 117 (14) 122 (16) p < .0001
DBP (mmHg)a 74 (10) 72 (10) 76 (10) p < .0001
Statin useb (%) 181 (3.6) 75 (2.9) 106 (4.4) p = .004
Current smokerb (%) 729 (14.4) 387 (14.8) 342 (14.4) p = .688
Physically activeb (%) 3734 (74.7) 1995 (76.3) 1739 (73) p = .008
LDL (mmole/l)a 122 (28) 122 (27) 122 (28) p = .869
HDL (mmole/l)a 50 (13) 52 (14) 48 (12) p < .0001
Triglycerides (mmole/l)a 121 (64) 113 (64) 129 (63) p < .0001
  1. FPG fasting plasma glucose, BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, LDL low-density lipoprotein, HDL high-density lipoprotein
  2. aValues are expressed as mean ± SD
  3. bValues are expressed as absolute number (percentage of group)