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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of subjects according to the weight-changes for 2 years after diagnosis of diabetes mellitus

From: Weight change and mortality and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with new-onset diabetes mellitus: a nationwide cohort study

Weight change (%) ≥ − 10% − 10 ~ − 5% − 5 ~ 5% 5 ~ 10% ≥ 10%
(n = 6897) (n = 25,468) (n = 118,691) (n = 16,127) (n = 6053)
At diagnosis of diabetes mellitus
 Height (cm) 161.6 ± 9.6 162.7 ± 9.3 164.1 ± 8.8 164.5 ± 8.8 164.6 ± 8.8
 Body weight (kg) 69.6 ± 13.1 69.3 ± 12.1 69.5 ± 11.4 66.7 ± 11.4 63.3 ± 11.1
 FBG (mg/dL) 163.5 ± 41.3 162.6 ± 40.0 170.1 ± 45.5 202.5 ± 59.9 230.7 ± 66.7
 Systolic BP (mmHg) 130.4 ± 16.2 130.0 ± 15.5 130.0 ± 15.6 129.2 ± 16.1 127.5 ± 16.5
 Diastolic BP (mmHg) 80.6 ± 10.4 80.7 ± 10.2 81 ± 10.2 80.7 ± 10.5 80.2 ± 10.4
 Hypertension (yes, %) 3478 (50.5) 12,592 (49.5) 60,598 (51.2) 7632 (47.4) 2561 (42.4)
 Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 216.7 ± 42.39 216.19 ± 41.47 215.54 ± 41.8 216.98 ± 43.88 218 ± 46.09
 Dyslipidemia (yes) 3229 (46.93) 11,530 (45.34) 52,940 (44.71) 6974 (43.38) 2642 (43.88)
After the first 2 years
 Age (years) 57.2 ± 12.1 56.7 ± 10.9 56.0 ± 10.2 54.9 ± 10.3 54.2 ± 10.8
 Sex (male) 3340 (48.4) 14,577 (57.2) 79,477 (67.0) 11,418 (70.8) 4400 (72.7)
 BMI (kg/m2) 23.01 ± 3.14 24.32 ± 3.04 25.64 ± 3.16 26.25 ± 3.38 26.54 ± 3.57
 Height (cm) 161.2 ± 9.7 162.5 ± 9.3 164.0 ± 8.8 164.5 ± 8.8 164.7 ± 8.9
 Body weight (kg) 60.05 ± 11.34 64.46 ± 11.27 69.16 ± 11.38 71.25 ± 12.16 72.23 ± 12.49
 FBG (mg/dL) 127.6 ± 49 131.3 ± 42.2 137.2 ± 38.5 139.9 ± 38.7 140.6 ± 42.2
 Systolic BP (mmHg) 123.6 ± 14.9 125.3 ± 14.4 127.7 ± 14.3 128.9 ± 14.4 129.5 ± 14.9
 Diastolic BP (mmHg) 76.3 ± 9.8 77.5 ± 9.5 79.0 ± 9.5 79.8 ± 9.5 80.1 ± 9.6
 Hypertension (yes, %) 3267 (47.4) 12,534 (49.3) 64,971 (54.8) 9265 (57.5) 3464 (57.3)
 Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 184.0 ± 40.9 188.8 ± 40.7 191.1 ± 40.11 188.5 ± 39.23 188.0 ± 39.6
 Dyslipidemia (yes, %) 3036 (44.1) 11,956 (47.0) 59,955 (50.6) 8320 (51.7) 3152 (52.1)
 Waist circumferences (cm) 80.4 ± 8.6 83.1 ± 8.1 86.5 ± 8.1 87. 9 ± 8.4 88.5 ± 8.7
 Current smoker 1464 (21.3) 6200 (24.4) 32,347 (27.3) 4716 (29.3) 1825 (30.2)
 Heavy alcohol drinker 344 (5) 1740 (6.9) 10,871 (9.2) 1596 (9.9) 613 (10.2)
 Regular exercise 3652 (53.1) 14,066 (55.3) 67,037 (56.6) 8862 (55.1) 3282 (54.3)
 Income (lower 25%) 1485 (21.5) 4962 (19.5) 22,829 (19.2) 3380 (21.0) 1300 (21.5)
 Use of insulin (yes) 170 (2.5) 338 (1.3) 1292 (1.1) 345 (2.1) 263 (4.3)
  1. Data are expressed as the mean ± SD, or n (%). P-values for the trend were < 0.0001 for all variables because of the large size of the study population. BMI body mass index, FBG fasting blood glucose, BP blood pressure