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Table 6 Comparison of continuous variables between patients with and without coronary stenosis

From: Associations between epicardial adipose tissue, subclinical atherosclerosis and high-density lipoprotein composition in type 1 diabetes

  With any grade of coronary stenosis (n = 36) Without coronary stenosis (n = 36) P-value
HbA1c (%) 7.4 ± 0.8 7.0 ± 0.7 0.047
Age (years) 51.1 ± 9.1 43.2 ± 6.1 < 0.001
iEAT (cm3/m2) 48.7 ± 21.8 32.3 ± 19.6 0.001
Lipid profile
 Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.9 ± 0.8 4.7 ± 0.6 0.199
 Triglycerides (mmol/l) * 1.2 ± 1.2 0.8 ± 0.4 0.164
 LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) * 2.9 ± 0.6 2.8 ± 0.6 0.525
 HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.5 ± 0.3 1.5 ± 0.3 0.988
 Lp(a) (mg/l) * 316.5 ± 441.0 305.8 ± 469.8 0.881
HDL-associated parameters
 HDL 2 (%) 53.0 ± 20.1 55.2 ± 18.7 0.657
 HDL 3 (%) 47.0 ± 20.1 46.8 ± 23.8 0.701
 PON1 (umol/min ml) 316.6 ± 90.3 289.1 ± 59.9 0.156
 Total Lp-PLA2 (µmol/min ml) * 18.2 ± 4.6 20.1 ± 5.2 0.045
 Lp-PLA2 in HDL (µmol/min ml)* 5.9 ± 1.6 5.4 ± 1.5 0.190
 Lp-PLA2 in HDL (%) * 33.9 ± 9.6 28.1 ± 8.9 0.007
 HDL total cholesterol (%) 17.1 ± 2.0 18.0 ± 1.4 0.041
 HDL esterified cholesterol (%) 13.9 ± 1.7 14.5 ± 1.2 0.060
 HDL triglycerides (%) 4.0 ± 1.7 3.5 ± 1.3 0.145
 HDL phospholipids (%) 28.6 ± 2.3 28.8 ± 1.9 0.834
 HDL apoA-I (%) 37.9 ± 1.8 38.3 ± 1.7 0.260
 HDL apoA-II (%) 10.0 ± 1.5 9.2 ± 1.4 0.027
 HDL apoE (%) 0.55 ± 0.3 0.6 ± 0.3 0.164
 HDL apoC-III (%) 1.8 ± 0.6 1.6 ± 0.5 0.214
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± SD. Comparison between groups with or without coronary stenosis was analyzed with the Student’s t-test, except for non-parametric variables that were compared with the Mann–Whitney U test
  2. * Indicates non-parametric variables