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Table 1 Diagnostic groupings used to identify cases with pre-frailty and frailty

From: Both pre-frailty and frailty increase healthcare utilization and adverse health outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

FRAIL scale components ICD-9-CM codes
Fatigue 300.5, 780.7x, 797, 780.99
Resistance 799.3, E880, E881, E882, E883, E884, E885, E888
Ambulation 719.7, 781.2
Illnesses HTN (401.x–405.x), Cancer (140.x–208.x), COPD (491.x), AMI (410.x), CHF (428.x), angina (411.1, 411.81, 411.89, 413.0, 413.1, 413.9), asthma (493.x), arthritis (99.3, 274, 696.0, 695.4, 710.x, 711.x, 712.x, 714.x, 713.x, 715.x, 716.x, 719.x, 720.x, 721.x), stroke (430.x–438.x), CKD (016.0x, 042.x, 095.4, 189.x, 223.x, 236.9x, 250.4x, 271.4, 274.1x, 403.x, 404.x, 440.1, 442.1, 446.21, 447.3x, 572.4, 580.x–589.x, 590.x, 591.x, 593.x, 642.1x, 646.2x, 753.x, 984.x)
Body weight loss 260, 261, 262, 263.0, 263.1, 263.8, 263.9, 728.2, 780.94, 783.21, 783.3, 783.7, 799.4