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Table 5 Plaque characteristics in non-culprit lesion on optical coherence tomography

From: Non-culprit plaque characteristics in acute coronary syndrome patients with raised hemoglobinA1c: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

  NA1c (n = 95) RA1c (n = 93) DM (n = 117) P value PNA1c vs. RA1c PNA1c vs. DM PNA1c vs. DM
Lipid, n (%) 40 (42.1) 43 (46.2) 54 (46.2) 0.802 N/A N/A N/A
Lipid-rich plaques, n (%) 38 (40.0) 42 (45.2) 52 (44.4) 0.735 N/A N/A N/A
TCFA, n (%) 12 (12.6) 19 (20.4) 18 (15.4) 0.335 N/A N/A N/A
Disruption, n (%) 1 (1.1) 2 (2.2) 1 (0.9) 0.689 N/A N/A N/A
Crystal, n (%) 4 (4.2) 0 (0.0) 6 (5.1) 0.097 N/A N/A N/A
Macrophage, n (%) 7 (7.4) 11 (11.8) 24 (20.5) 0.018* 0.215 0.005* 0.067
Microchannels, n (%) 7 (7.4) 9 (9.7) 15 (12.8) 0.419 N/A N/A N/A
Thrombus presence, n (%) 2 (2.1) 2 (2.2) 1 (0.9) 0.696 N/A N/A N/A
Calcification, n (%) 25 (26.3) 36 (38.7) 55 (47.0) 0.008* 0.048* 0.001* 0.143
Spotty calcification, n (%) 19 (20.0) 26 (28.0) 43 (36.8) 0.027 0.134 0.006* 0.115
Large calcification, n (%) 6 (6.3) 10 (10.8) 15 (12.8) 0.289 N/A N/A N/A
  1. DM diabetes mellitus, NA1c normal haemoglobinA1c, RA1c raised haemoglobinA1c, TCFA thin-cap fibroatheroma
  2. Values are mean ± SD or n (%). *P < 0.05