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Table 3 Sub analysis of effect of exercise training on MetS by exercise intensity

From: The effect of exercise training on clinical outcomes in patients with the metabolic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  Moderate Vigorous High
Aerobic Combined Aerobic Aerobic Combined
BMI (kg m−2) −0.34* (−0.55,−0.14) −0.57* (−0.86, −0.27) −0.23 (−0.57,0.1) −0.5* (−0.86,−0.14) −0.10* (−0.14, −0.06)
Waist circum. (cm) −0.80* (−1.49, −0.12) −3.99* (−4.91, −3.06) −1.59* (−2.39,−0.79) −3.00* (−4.65,−1.35) −2.40* (−3.83, −0.97)
Total fat mass (kg) −1.03* (−1.69, −0.37) N/A −2.50* (−4.97, −0.03) −1.80 (−3.76, 0.16) N/A
VO2 max (mL kg−1 min−1) 2.52* (0.99, 4.40) 4.83* (1.10, 8.55) 3.20* (1.71, 4.69) 5.5* (1.55, 9.45) 4.20* (1.35, 7.05)
SBP (mmHg) −3.64 (−9.50, 2.22) −3.35 (−7.06, 0.37) −1.33* (−1.88, −0.77) −6.40* (−11.52, −1.28) −4.10* (−7.21, −0.99)
DBP(mmHg) −3.35* (−5.50, −1.19) −1.68 (−3.96, 0.60) −1.27 (−2.79, 0.25) −3.40 (−6.94, 0.14) 1.40* (0.56, 2.24)
FBG (m mol L−1) −0.41* (−0.70, −0.11) 0.00 (−0.45, 0.45) −0.06 (−0.21, 0.08) 0.20* (0.09, 0.31) −0.30 (−0.66, 0.06)
HDL (m mol L−1) 0.06 (−0.01, 0.13) 0.10* (0.04, 0.16) −0.02 (−0.05, 0.01) 0.16* (0.07, 0.25) 0.21* (0.09, 0.33)
TG (m mol L−1) −0.18* (−0.28, −0.09) −0.01* (−0.04, 0.02) −0.25* (−0.42, −0.08) −0.50* (−0.94, −0.06) N/A
  1. Data is MD (95% CI)
  2. * p < 0.05
  3. BMI body mass index, VO 2 peak maximal oxygen consumption, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FBG fasting blood glucose, HDL high density lipoprotein cholesterol, TG triglycerides