Skip to main content

Table 4 Echocardiographic parameters of patients with diabetes and dilated cardiomyopathy with or without retinopathy

From: Diabetic retinopathy is associated with diastolic dysfunction in type 2 diabetic patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy

Variable DR group No DR group P value
LVDd (mm) 58.1 ± 6.2 57.7 ± 10.3 0.569
LVDs (mm) 46.2 ± 8.9 47.1 ± 14.3 0.833
IVSd (mm) 10.6 ± 2.2 10.2 ± 1.6 0.843
IVSs (mm) 13.2 ± 3.2 13.2 ± 2.1 0.900
PWd (mm) 10.6 ± 2.2 10.4 ± 1.7 0.852
PWs (mm) 13.9 ± 2.6 13.9 ± 2.1 0.908
RWT 0.4 ± 0.1 0.4 ± 0.1 0.726
LVEF (%) 35.4 ± 16.0 40.7 ± 18.3 0.312
LVFS (%) 19.5 ± 8.5 23.8 ± 10.1 0.191
LV mass (g) 253.4 ± 74.4 252.2 ± 88.8 0.964
LV mass index (g/m2) 154.9 ± 38.6 140.2 ± 44.3 0.438
E (m/s) 0.89 ± 0.32 0.67 ± 0.21 0.088
A (m/s) 0.74 ± 0.31 0.80 ± 0.20 0.619
E/A ratio 1.55 ± 1.08 0.78 ± 0.16 0.231
E′ (m/s) 0.04 ± 0.02 0.06 ± 0.01 0.021*
E/E′ ratio 23.75 ± 13.37 11.71 ± 3.50 0.022*
  1. A peak late diastolic mitral inflow velocity, E peak early diastolic mitral inflow velocity, E′ early diastolic mitral annular velocity, IVSd interventricular septal thickness at end-diastole, IVSs interventricular septal thickness at end-systole, LV left ventricular, LVDd left ventricle dimension at end-diastole, LVDs left ventricle dimension at end-systole, PWd posterior wall thickness at end-diastole, PWs posterior wall thickness at end-systole, RWT relative wall thickness
  2. P < 0.05 by independent t test or Mann–Whitney test