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Table 2 Procedural data of the study cohort

From: Multipolar pacing by cardiac resynchronization therapy with a defibrillators treatment in type 2 diabetes mellitus failing heart patients: impact on responders rate, and clinical outcomes

Parameters Quadripolar group (n 99) Bipolar group (n 96) p value
Skin to skin time 183 ± 113 179 ± 116 n.s
Fluoro time 17 ± 4.7 18 ± 5.6 n.s
CS cannulation time 14 ± 5.4 15 ± 4.7 n.s
CS target vessel
 Anterior, n (%) 3 (3) 3 (3) n.s
 Anterolateral, n (%) 13 (13) 11 (12) n.s
 Lateral, n (%) 51 (51) 52 (54) n.s
 Postero-lateral, n (%) 28 (28) 25 (26) n.s
 Posterior, n (%) 4 (4) 5 (5) n.s
LV lead parameters
 Impedance thresholds 761 ± 182 685 ± 196 n.s
 Pacing thresholds 0.5 ± 0.4 0.5 ± 0.3 n.s
 Sensing thresholds 14 ± 7.2 13.4 ± 7.3 n.s
RA lead parameters
 Impedance thresholds 438 ± 164 452 ± 133 n.s
 Pacing thresholds 0.4 ± 0.2 0.5 ± 0.3 n.s
 Sensing thresholds 2.1 ± 1.7 2.3 ± 1.8 n.s
RV lead parameters
 Impedance thresholds 581 ± 151 577 ± 163 n.s
 Shock impedance thresholds 73 ± 15 76 ± 14 n.s
 Pacing thresholds 0.5 ± 0.45 0.43 ± 0.35 n.s
 Sensing thresholds 19 ± 6 18 ± 5 n.s
  1. In this table we reported procedural data as functionality parameters of devices leads (left ventricle, right atrium, and right ventricle leads), and procedural times at implant (shin to skin time, fluoro time, CS target vessel, and CS cannulation time) comparing multipolar vs bipolar group of patients. Impedance thresholds are expressed in Ohm. Pacing thresholds are expressed in millivolts for milliseconds. Sensing thresholds are expressed in millivolts. Procedural times (skin to skin time, fluoro time, and CS cannulation time) are expressed in minutes. The “n.s” was for statistical not significant (p value >0.05)
  2. CS coronary sinus, LV left ventricle, RA right atrium, RV right ventricle