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Table 4 Odds ratio and 95 % confidential interval of high ASCVD risk (>10 % 2013 ACC/AHA score) according to DAL tertiles in adults

From: Association between dietary acid load and the risk of cardiovascular disease: nationwide surveys (KNHANES 2008–2011)

  Lowest tertile Second tertile Highest tertile
Crude 1 (referent) 1.21 (1.10–1.33) 1.00 (0.90–1.09)
Model 1 1 (referent) 1.24 (1.07–1.44) 1.16 (1.00–1.35)
Model 2 1 (referent) 1.23 (1.06–1.43) 1.15 (0.99–1.34)
Model 3 1 (referent) 1.25 (1.04–1.46) 1.07 (0.89–1.28)
  1. Model 1: adjusted for age (per 5 years), and sex
  2. Model 2: adjusted for age (per 5 years), sex, exercise, and family history of cardio- and cerebro-vascular disease
  3. Model 3: adjusted for age (per 5 years), sex, exercise, family history of cardio- and cerebro-vascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, LDL cholesterol, eGFR, and urine pH
  4. ASCVD 10 year atherosclerotic vascular disease; DAL dietary acid load; eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate; LDL cholesterol; low density lipoprotein cholesterol