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Table 2 Study population stratified by known diabetes prior to first myocardial infarction

From: Statin use and cardiovascular risk factors in diabetic patients developing a first myocardial infarction

  Diabetes No diabetes p value
n = 228 n = 1394
Gender (male), % 57 64 0.05
Age, year 70.3 (13.8) 67.6 (14.1) 0.006
Smoking, % 36 39 0.34
Total cholesterol, mmol/L 4.5 (1.4) 5.2 (1.2) <0.001
LDL cholesterol, mmol/L 2.5 (1.1) 3.3 (1.1) <0.001
HDL cholesterol, mmol/L 1.2 (0.4) 1.3 (0.4) <0.001
Triglycerides, mmol/L 1.9 (1.4) 1.5 (1.1) <0.001
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 138 (23) 138 (20) 0.68
Hypertension, % 79 63 <0.001
Statin, % 47 11 <0.001
SCORE (mean)a,  % 3.8 (2.9) 4.0 (3.2) 0.4
  1. Baseline characteristics are provided as mean (standard deviation) for continuous values
  2. aSCORE was calculated by the low-risk equations published by Conroy et al. [14]. The on-treatment cholesterol concentration was used for calculation of SCORE in those treated with statins. SCORE was not created for use in patients with diabetes who are classified as high or very high risk, regardless of SCORE