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Table 3 Interaction with exercise effect on carotid intima-media thickness

From: Effects of exercise training on carotid intima-media thickness in patients with type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease. Influence of carotid plaques

  p value
Gender 1.00
Etnicity (Caucasian) 0.99
Age (>64)a 0.97
BMI (>29 kg/m2)a 0.20
Previous myocardial infarction 0.70
Presence of carotid plaquesb 0.013
Years of known diabetes (>9)a 0.20
Microvascular complicationsc 0.71
LDL (>2.0 mmol/L)a 0.21
HbA1c (>7.4 %)a 0.28
  1. BMI body mass index, LDL low density lipoprotein cholesterol
  2. p value for interaction calculated by two-way ANCOVA
  3. aMedian value
  4. bDetected by scanning of the common carotid artery and the carotid bulb region during ultrasonography
  5. cDefined as known diabetes microvascular complications, albuminuria (including micro-) and/or positive monofilament test at baseline