Skip to main content

Table 3 Cardiac complications

From: Clinical impact of diabetes mellitus in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement

Complication Non-diabetic (N = 285) Diabetic (N = 158) P-value
NIDDM (N = 114) IDDM (N = 44)
30-days mortality 12 (4.2) 3 (2.6) 2 (4.5) 0.73
6-months mortality 28 (9.8) 5 (4.4) 3 (6.8) 0.18
1-year mortality 39 (13.7) 11 (9.6) 4 (9.1) 0.43
Conversion to open surgery 5 (2) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.24
Unplanned cardiopulmonary bypass 3 (1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.43
Coronary obstruction 1 (0.4) 1 (0.9) 0 (0) 0.7
Cardiac tamponade 8 (3) 4 (4) 1(2) 0.91
Valve malpositioning 11 (4) 7 (6) 1 (2) 0.5
Valve migration 11 (4) 5 (4) 1 (2) 0.83
Peri-procedural MI (≤72 h post procedure) 9 (3) 1(1) 1 (2) 0.41
Spontaneous MI (≤72 h post procedure) 3 (1) 0 (0) 1 (2) 0.36
Transient atrio-ventricular block 21 (9) 9 (9) 3 (7) 0.96
Permanent atrio-ventricular block 41 (17) 18 (18) 5 (12) 0.72
Permanent pacemaker implantation 55 (22) 24 (23) 8 (19) 0.86
New LBBB 78 (32) 30 (29) 8 (19) 0.27
New RBBB 3 (1) 1 (1) 0 (0) 0.77
New onset AF 27 (11) 17 (16) 3 (7) 0.22
AF episode in patient with history of AF 13 (5) 7 (7) 3 (7) 0.78
Heart failure post-procedure 23 (9) 12 (12) 7 (17) 0.33
  1. All values expressed as N (%)
  2. NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, MI myocardial infarction, LBBB left bundle branch block, RBBB right bundle branch block, AF atrial fibrillation