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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of participants by body mass index and sex

From: Obesity attenuates gender differences in cardiovascular mortality

  <25.0 kg/m2 25.0-29.9 kg/m2 30.0-34.9 kg/m2 ≥35.0 kg/m2
M (n = 9275) F (n = 10 519) P* M (n = 10 738) F (n = 7142) P* M (n = 3017) F (n = 2962) P* M (n = 599) F (n = 1342) P*
Age (years) 45.6 (11.8) 42.9 (11.7) 0.00 49.0 (11.5) 49.7 (11.7) 0.00 51.3 (11.3) 52.3 (11.5) 0.00 50.6 (11.3) 52.4 (11.1) 0.00
Abdominal obesity (%)            
WC 0.6 1.3 0.00 26.9 24.2 0.00 91.4 79.3 0.00 99.7 98.1 0.01
WHR 5.3 8.6 0.00 27.4 30.1 0.00 64.3 52.6 0.00 85.1 66.0 0.00
WHtR 0.6 1.2 0.00 23.7 23.1 0.35 89.5 81.0 0.00 99.7 99.0 0.17
Diabetes status (%)   0.27    0.00    0.00    0.04
Newly diagnosed diabetes 11.3 10.2   13.4 16.0   19.5 24.8   24.4 32.6  
Known diabetes 3.2 3.2   6.0 5.4   11.6 10.2   17.2 15.0  
Smoking status (%)   0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00
Current smokers 25.6 22.1   23.7 17.6   25.3 15.1   25.2 13.5  
Former smokers 27.9 17.3   34.6 18.7   38.7 18.7   38.2 18.7  
Physically active (%) 83.1 78.6 0.00 80.4 77.7 0.00 73.3 70.7 0.03 61.9 62.1 0.96
SBP (mmHg)§ 127 (17) 124 (18) 0.00 135 (18) 133 (21) 0.00 142 (19) 140 (21) 0.00 147 (20) 145 (22) 0.04
FPG (mmol/L)§ 5.3 (0.9) 5.2 (0.8) 0.00 5.5 (1.1) 5.4 (1.0) 0.00 5.9 (1.5) 5.7 (1.3) 0.00 6.4 (2.2) 5.9 (1.7) 0.00
TG (mmol/L)§ 1.3 (0.9) 1.0 (0.6) 0.00 1.8 (1.2) 1.4 (0.8) 0.00 2.2 (1.5) 1.6 (1.0) 0.00 2.5 (1.9) 1.9 (1.2) 0.00
HDL-C (mmol/L)§ 1.4 (0.4) 1.7 (0.4) 0.00 1.2 (0.3) 1.5 (0.4) 0.00 1.1 (0.3) 1.4 (0.4) 0.00 1.1 (0.3) 1.3 (0.3) 0.00
Total-C (mmol/L)§ 5.7 (1.2) 5.5 (1.2) 0.00 6.0 (1.2) 5.9 (1.3) 0.00 6.0 (1.2) 5.9 (1.2) 0.04 5.9 (1.2) 5.8 (1.2) 0.61
  1. Abbreviations: M male, F female, WC waist circumference, WHR waist-to-hip ratio, WHtR waist-to-height ratio, SBP systolic blood pressure, FPG fasting plasma glucose, TG triglyceride, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, Total-C total cholesterol.
  2. Data are means (standard deviations) or as noted.
  3. *Difference between men and women.
  4. The top quartile of WC, WHR or WHtR in women (90 cm, 0.85 or 0.56) and in men (99 cm, 0.97 or 0.57) was used as abdominal obesity group.
  5. 21 555 individuals with information on diabetes status, including 1285 with known diagnosis of diabetes and 20 270 with available measurement of fasting plasma glucose and/or 75 g 2-h oral glucose tolerance test (44.7% women).
  6. §45 573 individuals with available measurement of SBP, 20 759 for FPG, 36 834 for TG, 41 808 for HDL-C and 45 353 for Total-C.