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Table 1 Characteristics of the Study Participants

From: Nitric oxide and superoxide dismutase modulate endothelial progenitor cell function in type 2 diabetes mellitus

Characteristic Healthy
(n = 15)
Type 2 Diabetes
(n = 23)
Age (years) 56.3 ± 2.4 59.6 ± 1.5
Gender (M/F) 8/7 17/6
BMI, (kg/m2) 25.3 ± 1.2 29.7 ± 0.9**
Diabetes duration, (years) __ 12.2 ± 0.9
Clinical history   
Smoking, n (%) 4 (27) 7 (30)
Hypertension, n (%) __ 11 (48)
CVD, n (%) __ 7 (30)
Retinopathy, n (%) __ 2 (9)
Nephropathy, n (%) __ 3 (13)
Neuropathy, n (%) __ 1 (4)
Clinical Laboratory Results   
Plasma glucose levels, (mg/dl) 93.4 ± 2.4 221.8 ± 9.5***
HbA1c levels, (%) 4.7 ± 0.1 8.6 ± 0.3***
Total cholesterol, (mg/dl) 170.4 ± 8.4 178.6 ± 7.2
LDL-cholesterol, (mg/dl) 91.6 ± 3.2 107.9 ± 6.5
HDL-cholesterol, (mg/dl) 53.2 ± 1.5 51.4 ± 1.7
Triglyceride, (mg/dl) 109.5 ± 9.5 127.4 ± 13.2
Creatinine, (mg/dl) 0.77 ± 0.03 0.86 ± 0.04
Medications   
Insulin, n (%) __ __
Oral antidiabetics, n (%) __ 23 (100)
   -Rosiglitazone, n (%) __ 5 (22)
   -Sulfonylureas, n (%) __ 11 (48)
   -Metformin, n (%) __ 13 (57)
   -Others, n (%) __ 4 (17)
   -Combination, n (%) __ 6 (26)
ACEIs/ARBs, n (%) __ 7 (30)
Aspirin, n (%) __ 19 (82)
Statins, n (%) __ 12 (52)
  1. Values are presented as mean ± SEM, or number (%) of subjects. Comparisons were made by two-tailed Student's unpaired t test or Mann-Whitney test, for non-parametric data. Smokers refer to previous or current smokers. Statistical significance, *P < 0.05, **P < 0.001, ***P < 0.001 versus healthy.