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Table 4 Mean direct medical costs and length of stay for the first recurrent cardiovascular hospitalization by first Recurrent cardiovascular event type and diabetic status

From: Incremental cardiovascular costs and resource use associated with diabetes: an assessment of 29,863 patients in the US managed-care setting

First Recurrent CV Event Type* Patients with Diabetes
(n = 5,501)
Patients without Diabetes
(n = 24,362)
  No. of Patients Cost of Hospitalization Hospital LOS § No. of Patients Cost of Hospitalization Hospital LOS §
All CV event types** 1,071 18,488 (22,014) 5.6 (12.6) 3,734 17,481 (22,895) 4.6 (7.3)
   CABG 112 43,404 (28,686) 10.8 (33.6) 338 47,110 (39,612) 8.3 (7.1)
   Other CV procedure 346 19,831 (14,867) 3.2 (2.3) 1,281 18,807 (15,588) 2.9 (2.6)
   Myocardial infarction 106 22,854 (33,721) 8.2 (34.8) 332 22,125 (27,934) 5.1 (5.0)
   Heart failure 168 14,031 (21,581) 7.5 (6.9) 363 14,398 (26,197) 5.7 (5.4)
   Angina 18 8,016 (9,243) 3.9 (4.0) 72 8,477 (9,039) 3.2 (2.3)
   Other IHD 554 21,445 (21,768) 4.3 (5.5) 2,316 18,038 (19,859) 3.6 (3.2)
   Ischemic stroke 96 11,168 (8,687) 5.0 (4.0) 267 10,804 (10,594) 6.0 (8.3)
   TIA/other CVA 64 7,501 (6,720) 10.0 (14.1) 179 9,195 (11,887) 12.8 (24.6)
   PVD 25 23,146 (23,278) 7.6 (5.3) 61 14,788 (13,850) 4.9 (4.4)
  1. CABG, coronary artery bypass graft; CV, cardiovascular; CVA, cerebrovascular accident; IHD, ischemic heart disease; LOS, length of stay; PVD, peripheral vascular disease; TIA, transient ischemic attack.
  2. *First recurrent hospitalization may be categorized into multiple events if it had both a cardiovascular diagnosis and procedure. History of diabetes in the pre-index period. Costs are mean (SD) per patient in US$. §Length of stay is mean (SD) in days. **For t-test comparisons of all CV event patients with vs. without diabetes, cost of hospitalization: P = 0.20, hospital length of stay: P = 0.0008.