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Table 5 Annual average drug costs per patient for different antihypertensives according to the pattern of persistence [23]

From: Blood pressure reduction, persistence and costs in the evaluation of antihypertensive drug treatment – a review

Antihypertensive Continuers
[95%CI]
Switchers
[95%CI]
Discontinuers
95%CI]
Total
[95%CI]
Diuretics € 65.09
[58.67–71.52]
€ 153.10
[137.59–168.62]
€ 8.17
[7.60–8.75]
€ 33.45
[30.97–35.93]
Beta-blockers € 109.29
[102.46–116.12]
€ 158.73
[139.61–177.84]
€ 22.52
[24.24-23.79]
€ 63.40
[59.94–66.86]
Calcium-channel blockers € 234.63
[224.78–244.47]
€ 199.62
[183.45–215.78]
€ 38.24
[36.78–39.70]
€ 104.43
[100.07–108.79]
ACE inhibitors € 196.28
[189.69–202.86]
€ 237.53
[222.28–252.79]
€ 34.76
[33.53–35.99]
€ 108.25
[104.43–112.09]
Angiotensin II antagonists € 326.16
[313.05–339.27]
€ 268.07
[241.55–294.39]
€ 67.10
[62.89–71.31]
€ 201.53
[191.24–211.81]
Total € 171.73
[167.43–176.04]
€ 205.10
[196.85–213.34]
€ 28.29
[27.62–28.97]
€ 88.09
[86.10–90.08]
  1. CI, confidence interval