Skip to main content

Table 1 Physical characteristics of the sample

From: ACE I/D genotype, adiposity, and blood pressure in children

Characteristics Males (n = 77) Females (n = 75) Total (n = 152)
Age (yrs) 7.3 (2.0) 7.4 (2.1) 7.3 (2.0)
2.9–11.9
Ht (cm) 124.0 (13.0) 123.8 (13.3) 123.9 (13.1)
97.2–161.5
Body mass (kg) 25.4 (7.8) 26.3 (8.9) 25.9 (8.3)
13.6–60.1
BMI (kg/m2) 16.2 (2.4) 16.7 (2.8) 16.5 (2.6)
10.7–29.1
% body fat 24.0 (7.3)* 29.6 (8.0) 26.8 (8.1)
11.7–51.6
SBP (mmHg) 104.0 (8.4) 105.4 (9.0) 104.7 (8.7)
88.0–133.0
DBP (mmHg) 68.7 (6.8)* 71.2 (6.9) 70.0 (6.9)
56.0–100.0
MAP (mmHg) 80.5 (6.4)* 82.6 (6.8) 81.5 (6.7)
69.3–111.0
ACE D/D, n (%) 23 (29.9) 23 (30.7) 46 (30.3)
ACE I/D, n (%) 29 (37.6) 32 (42.6) 61 (40.1)
ACE I/I, n (%) 25 (32.5) 20 (26.7) 45 (29.6)
  1. Values are mean (SD) for boys and girls, with the total sample also showing the range of values
  2. *P < 0.05 for sex difference
  3. Ht, height; BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference; % body fat, percent body fat determined by dual energy x-ray absorbtiometry; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; MAP, mean arterial pressure