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Table 3 The impact of exercise training on left ventricular filling dynamics in postmenopoausal women with type 2 diabetes. Mean ± SD

From: Cardiovascular adaptations to exercise training in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Variable ET (n = 11) CT (n = 7)
Pre Post Pre Post
Early (m/s) 87 ± 10 88 ± 15 97 ± 23 91 ± 22
Atrial (m/s) 95 ± 29 92 ± 20 93 ± 11 87 ± 23
E:A 1.0 ± 0.3 1.0 ± 0.3 1.0 ± 0.2 1.1 ± 0.3
E- Dec time (ms) 256 ± 39 253 ± 54 206 ± 29 223 ± 27
Pvs:Pvd 1.5 ± 0.1 1.5 ± 0.2 1.4 ± 0.2 1.5 ± 0.2
Pva (m/s) 28 ± 7 29 ± 5 28 ± 4 29 ± 7
Mad-Pad (ms) -43 ± 56 -31 ± 33 0.1 ± 2.3 -3.7 ± 17
  1. E/A = ratio of early to late transmitral filling velocities; Pvs:Pvd = Ratio of pulmonary venous flow in systole to pulmaonry venous flow in diastole; Pva = pulmonary venous flow during atrial systole; Mad-Pad = Duration of transmitral atrial wave – duration of pulmonary venous atrial wave. † = p < 0.05 vs ET