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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of subjects with and without DM

From: Differential association of visceral adipose tissue with coronary plaque characteristics in patients with and without diabetes mellitus

  All (n = 456) Without DM (n = 334) With DM (n = 122) p
Age (years) 64 ± 14 64 ± 15 66 ± 12 0.15
Men, n (%) 261 (57) 182 (54) 79 (65) 0.04
Body mass index (kg/m2) 23 ± 4 23 ± 3 25 ± 4 <0.01
Waist circumference (cm) 84 ± 11 82 ± 10 88 ± 11 <0.01
Subcutaneous adipose tissue (cm2) 136 ± 79 132 ± 76 147 ± 84 0.08
Visceral adipose tissue (cm2) 95 ± 55 88 ± 52 116 ± 58 <0.01
Hypertension, n (%) 263 (58) 176 (53) 87 (71) <0.01
Dyslipidemia, n (%) 208 (46) 130 (39) 78 (66) <0.01
Current smoking, n (%) 98 (21) 72 (22) 26 (21) 0.96
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 187 ± 37 188 ± 38 187 ± 36 0.95
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 143 (88) 138 (107) 154 (121) 0.02
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 57 ± 16 58 ± 16 56 ± 17 0.16
LDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 111 ± 32 111 ± 33 110 ± 30 0.93
Hemoglobin A1c (%) 6.2 ± 1.2 5.7 ± 0.4 7.4 ± 1.6 <0.01
High sensitivity CRP (mg/dl) 0.16 (0.08) 0.15 (0.08) 0.17 (0.09) 0.30
Medications     
Antihypertensive agents, n (%) 239 (52) 160 (48) 79 (65) <0.01
Lipid lowering agents n (%) 138 (30) 84 (25) 54 (44) <0.01
Hypoglycemic agents, n (%) 82 (18) 0 (0) 82 (67) <0.01
  1. DM, diabetes mellitus; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; CRP, C-reactive protein.