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Table 2 Echocardiography study

From: Extensive impact of saturated fatty acids on metabolic and cardiovascular profile in rats with diet-induced obesity: a canonical analysis

Variables Groups p-value
  CD HD  
Heart rate (beats/min) 280 ± 15 272 ± 11 0.528
LVM (mg) 963 ± 4 955 ± 5 0.814
LVEDd (mm) 8.49 ± 0.15 8.19 ± 0.14 0.070
LVESd (mm) 4.69 ± 0.11 4.12 ± 0.17 * 0.013 *
LVDT (mm) 1.50 ± 0.04 1.57 ± 0.04 0.080
LVDT/LVEDd 0.177 ± 0.005 0.194 ± 0.004 * 0.019 *
LA/AO 1.23 ± 0.07 1.22 ± 0.03 0.425
EFS (%) 44.22 ± 1.31 50.80 ± 2.37 * 0.013 *
Ejection fraction 0.825 ± 0.012 0.870 ± 0.018 * 0.029 *
PWSV (mm/s) 37.4 ± 0.9 37.3 ± 1.0 0.932
E/A 1.74 ± 0.13 1.60 ± 0.09 0.375
EDT (ms) 55.5 ± 3.4 58.5 ± 2.3 0.352
IVRT (ms) 28.3 ± 1.8 30.0 ± 2.0 1.000
  1. Values expressed as mean ± standard error; LVM: left ventricular mass; LVEDd: left ventricular end-diastolic diameter; LVESd: left ventricular end-systolic diameter; LVDT: diastolic thickness of the left ventricle; LVDT/LVEDd: ratio between LVDT and LVEDd; LA: left atrial diameter; LA/AO: ratio between LA and aortic artery diameter; EFS: endocardial fractional shortening; PWSV: posterior wall shortening velocity; E/A: ratio between the E and A waves evaluated in transmitral flow; EDT: E-wave deceleration time; IVRT: isovolumetric relaxation time; * p < 0.05 versus CD; Student’s t test.