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Table 1 Data from the diabetic population and age and gender-matched controls

From: Diabetes abrogates sex differences and aggravates cardiometabolic risk in postmenopausal women

   Control group    Diabetic group   Diabetic vs control (P)
Parameters Male (n = 39) Female (n = 35) P Male (n = 57) Female (n = 53) P Male Female
Age (years) 59.97 ± 1.02 54.71 ± 1.68 0.100 58.88 ± 1.34 60.49 ± 1.42 0.524 0.453 0.013
Gender (%M/%F) 52.70 47.30 51.82 48.18
BMI (Kg/m2) 27.89 ± 0.72 27.09 ± 0.71 0.704 30.37 ± 0.65 30.12 ± 0.67 0.788 0.013 0.002
WC (cm) 101.32 ± 1.75 92.26 ± 1.96 0.003 110.36 ± 1.70 104.02 ± 2.05 0.020 0.000 0.000
SBP (mmHg) 145.28 ± 3.08 143.74 ± 3.98 0.010 136.86 ± 2.95 137.53 ± 3.61 0.942 0.002 0.000
DBP (mmHg) 87.10 ± 1.54 87.76 ± 2.06 0.654 73.54 ± 1.69 72.74 ± 1.77 0.745 0.000 0.000
Glycemia (mmol/L) 5.58 ± 0.08 5.12 ± 0.09 0.000 9.70 ± 0.48 10.69 ± 0.59 0.191 0.000 0.000
HbA1c (%) 8.13 ± 0.25 9.20 ± 0.30 0.007
Total-c (mmol/L) 5.71 ± 0.15 5.30 ± 0.14 0.121 4.75 ± 0.15 4.89 ± 0.15 0.526 0.000 0.129
TGs (mmol/L) 1.28 ± 0.08 1.08 ± 0.06 0.118 1.85 ± 0.15 1.99 ± 0.15 0.406 0.002 0.000
LDL-c (mmol/L) 3.70 ± 0.15 3.36 ± 0.13 0.222 2.69 ± 0.14 2.69 ± 0.14 0.996 0.000 0.012
Ox-LDL (U/L) 52.65 ± 2.60 33.23 ± 1.92 0.000 32.58 ± 1.78 32.42 ± 1.84 1.000 0.000 0.401
Non-HDL-c (mmol/L) 4.28 ± 0.15 3.86 ± 0.14 0.110 3.50 ± 0.16 3.56 ± 0.16 0.635 0.004 0.257
PON1 activity 519.66 ± 18.63 449.05 ± 21.66 0.034 426.01 ± 20.27 490.17 ± 30.31 0.077 0.004 0.780
  1. Results are presented as media ± SEM. Independent samples T-test and Mann–Whitney test for normalized and non-normalized samples, respectively. P adjusted for age and BMI (ANCOVA) when adequate (when p<0.05): for age when comparing female diabetic vs female control subjects; for BMI when comparing diabetic vs control (both for male and for female). BMI, body mass index; HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; LDL-c, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; Ox-LDL, oxidized low-density lipoprotein; TGs, triglycerides; Total-c, total cholesterol; WC, waist circumference.