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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population

From: Coronary calcium in patients with and without diabetes: first manifestation of acute or chronic coronary events is characterized by different calcification patterns

Characteristics No event N = 628 Acute event N = 18 Chronic event N = 21 p value
Age 55 ± 7.2 57 ± 8.2 60 ± 7.7 0.007
Male gender 526 (84) 17 (94) 21 (100) 0.073
BMI (kg/m2) 27.0 ± 3.5 27.7 ± 4.0 26.2 ± 2.7 0.395
SBP (mmHg) 126 ± 17 124 ± 15 130 ±13 0.444
DBP (mmHg) 79 ± 9 78 ± 9 79 ± 6 0.906
Hypertension 163 (26) 5 (28) 12 (57) 0.007
Diabetes 60 (10) 3 (17) 4 (19) 0.232
Current smokers 106 (22) 4 (33) 5 (31) 0.454
Chronic renal failure 14 (2) 1 (6) 1 (5) 0.511
CAD family history 162 (26) 3 (18) 7 (35) 0.486
Hyperlipidemia 284 (47) 9 (50) 12 (60) 0.475
Urea (mg/dl) 33 ± 7.7 35 ± 7.7 32 ± 5.7 0.557
Creatinine (mg/dl) 1.07 ± 0.15 1.08 ± 0.17 1.13 ± 0.11 0.179
Glucose (mg/dl) 99 ± 23 96 ± 18 101 ± 21 0.761
Calcium (mg/dl) 9.6 ± 0.45 9.6 ± 0.46 9.6 ± 0.50 0.908
Phosphorus (mg/dl) 3.02 ± 0.50 2.76 ± 0.27 3.0 ± 0.69 0.088
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 143 ± 79 156 ± 63 133 ± 58 0.671
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)     
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 45 ±12 40 ± 5 45 1 ± 3 0.243
LDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 127 ± 29 127 ± 37 127 ± 26 0.999
  1. Data are number (%) of patients or mean ± SD.