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Table 3 Factors associated with the serum GGT level stratified by the ALDH2 genotype

From: Association between aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 polymorphisms and the incidence of diabetic retinopathy among Japanese subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus

  ALDH2*1/*1 genotype ALDH2*2 allele carrier
  β SE P value β SE P value
Age −0.37 0.48 0.45 −0.70 0.30 0.02
Diabetes duration −0.75 0.72 0.30 −1.38 0.57 0.02
BMI 0.52 1.39 0.71 1.80 0.87 0.04
Systolic BP −0.22 0.30 0.94 0.29 0.14 0.046
Diastolic BP 0.50 0.47 0.30 0.62 0.24 0.01
Triglycerides 0.22 0.03 < 0.01 0.07 0.03 0.02
AST 1.48 0.24 < 0.01 0.97 0.18 < 0.01
ALT 0.85 0.16 < 0.01 0.56 0.10 < 0.01
Hypertension 1.10 11.33 0.92 13.34 6.12 0.03
Ever smokers 13.23 11.46 0.25 16.48 6.09 < 0.01
Drinkers 26.07 11.68 0.03 8.79 6.80 0.20
HbA1c 4.23 2.64 0.11 1.15 1.52 0.45
  1. GGT, γ-glutamyltransferase; ALDH2, aldehyde dehydrogenase 2; SE, standard error; BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; HbA1c, hemoglobin A1c.