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Table 1 Patient characteristics for the total population and according to the presence of the metabolic syndrome

From: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein to detect metabolic syndrome in a centrally obese population: a cross-sectional analysis

Characteristics Total n = 1165 Metabolic syndrome present n = 417 Metabolic syndrome absent n = 748 P-value
Age (years) 48.4 ± 10.7 48.5 ± 10.5 48.3 ± 10.8 0.76
Gender (%, female) 65.2 48.0 74.9 < 0.001
Waist circumference (cm)     
   - Female 97.7 ± 8.1 100.3 ± 9.2 96.7 ± 7.4 < 0.001
   - Male 109.7 ± 6.6 110.5 ± 6.9 108.9 ± 6.3 0.01
BMI (kg/m2) 29.5 ± 3.6 30.3 ± 3.6 29.1 ± 3.5 < 0.001
Blood pressure (mmHg)     
   - Systolic 137.7 ± 17.3 144.8 ± 15.8 133.7 ± 16.8 < 0.001
   - Diastolic 84.8 ± 9.3 88.7 ± 7.9 82.7 ± 9.3 < 0.001
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.2 (0.9-1.8) 1.9 (1.7-2.4) 1.0 (0.8-1.3) < 0.001
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)     
   - Female 1.6 ± 0.4 1.3 ± 0.3 1.7 ± 0.4 < 0.001
   - Male 1.2 ± 0.3 1.1 ± 0.3 1.4 ± 0.2 < 0.001
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 3.2 ± 0.9 3.4 ± 0.9 3.2 ± 0.8 < 0.001
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 5.0 ± 0.9 5.4 ± 1.4 4.9 ± 0.5 < 0.001
Hs-CRP (mg/L) 1.9 (1.1-3.6) 2.2 (1.2-4.0) 1.7 (1.0-3.4) < 0.001
Physical activity meeting Dutch 59.5 56.1 61.3 0.09
Standard Healthy Movement (%)     
Current smoking (%) 20.3 24.6 17.9 0.01
Alcohol consumption (%)     0.03
   - None 28.3 31.1 26.7  
   - Moderate 64.5 59.8 67.1  
   - Excessive 7.2 9.2 6.2  
  1. Data are reported as means ± standard deviation or percentage. Non normally distributed variables are reported as median (25th-75th percentile).
  2. Dutch Standard Healthy Movement: a minimum of thirty minutes of exercise at least five days a week.