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Table 2 Cardiovascular risk profiles according to quintiles of UACR in women

From: Higher normal ranges of urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio are independently associated with carotid intima-media thickness

  UACR, mg/g p*
  < 6.50 6.5-9.79 9.80-13.49 13.50-18.89 ≥ 18.90  
Number (%) 798 (17.8) 839 (18.8) 882 (19.7) 928 (20.8) 1024 (22.9)  
Age, y 56.8 ± 7.8 58.8 ± 7.9 60.2 ± 7.7 62.0 ± 7.3 62.9 ± 7.3 < 0.001
Current smoker, % 3.4 4.5 2.3 4.0 2.8 0.371
Current drinker, % 38.8 41.1 34.8 35.0 36.8 0.054
Hypertension, % 24.8 27.7 31.6 33.5 42.9 < 0.001
Type 2 diabetes, % 5.1 5.5 7.2 8.3 9.8 < 0.001
Hyperlipidemia, % 11.8 11.5 11.1 12.9 12.4 0.441
Body mass index, kg/m2 24.5 ± 3.0 24.6 ± 3.0 24.6 ± 3.2 24.5 ± 3.1 24.5 ± 3.2 0.969
Waist circumference, cm 86.4 ± 7.9 86.4 ± 8.4 86.4 ± 8.7 86.1 ± 8.8 86.0 ± 8.9 0.714
Systolic BP, mmHg 117.8 ± 16.0 119.6 ± 16.0 121.5 ± 16.7 123.6 ± 17.2 127.2 ± 18.6 < 0.001
Diastolic BP, mmHg 77.2 ± 9.4 77.4 ± 9.0 78.5 ± 9.4 79.4 ± 9.5 80.6 ± 10.8 < 0.001
Total cholesterol, mmol/L 4.9 ± 1.0 4.9 ± 0.9 5.0 ± 0.9 5.0 ± 0.9 5.0 ± 1.0 0.139
Triglycerides, mmol/L 1.5 ± 1.0 1.5 ± 1.0 1.6 ± 1.0 1.7 ± 1.0 1.7 ± 1.4 < 0.001
HDL cholesterol, mmol/L 1.3 ± 0.3 1.3 ± 0.3 1.2 ± 0.3 1.2 ± 0.3 1.3 ± 0.3 0.400
FBG, mmol/L 5.5 ± 0.7 5.5 ± 0.8 5.5 ± 0.8 5.5 ± 1.0 5.6 ± 1.0 0.001
HOMA-IR 1.4 ± 0.9 1.4 ± 1.3 1.4 ± 1.1 1.4 ± 1.1 1.4 ± 1.2 0.449
Serum creatinine, μmol/L 70.8 ± 9.6 70.2 ± 10.1 68.6 ± 11.5 67.4 ± 9.6 68.1 ± 10.9 < 0.001
eGFR, ml/min/1.73m2 83.8 ± 12.7 84.1 ± 13.0 86.0 ± 14.9 86.2 ± 13.3 85.6 ± 14.5 < 0.001
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation, unless otherwise indicated.
  2. * p-values for analysis of variance (ANOVA) and chi-square tests for trends are shown, as appropriate.