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Table 1 Mean values for gastric emptying parameters and food intake from the buffet meal after the ingestion of high-fat meal supplemented with 3 g wheat flour (placebo) or cinnamon

From: Effect of cinnamon on gastric emptying, arterial stiffness, postprandial lipemia, glycemia, and appetite responses to high-fat breakfast

Variable Placebo Cinnamon
Gastric emptying   
Thalf (min) 237 ± 32 245 ± 49
Tlag (min) 136 ± 12 143 ± 22
Tlat (min) 40 ± 6 43 ± 9
Tasc (min) 197 ± 35 202 ± 48
Cumulative excretion of13CO2 (%) 55.1 ± 10.0 56.3 ± 4.9
Food intake   
Energy intake (kJ) 3056 ± 1130 3324 ± 1516
Quantity consumed (g) 420 ± 200 467 ± 151
Carbohydrate (%) 40 ± 13 43 ± 12
Fat (%) 40 ± 8 36 ± 10
Protein (%) 21 ± 10 22 ± 9
Time (min) 15 ± 3 15 ± 5
  1. Thalf, gastric half emptying time; tlag, lag phase; tasc, ascension time; tlat, latency time.
  2. Data are means ± SD, n = 9.
  3. No significant differences were found between treatments, p > 0.05.