Skip to main content

Table 3 Odds ratios for the development of MS according to baseline insulin quartile in 5 years of follow-up in subjects without any MS components at baseline

From: Elevated fasting insulin predicts the future incidence of metabolic syndrome: a 5-year follow-up study

Quartiles of baseline
fasting insulin level
(IU/mL)
Incident MS Odds ratio (95% CI)
  n (%) Unadjusted Adjusteda
All 28/1171(2.4%)   
I(≤5.76) 2/289 (0.7%) 1 1
II(5.77-6.73) 6/294 (2.0%) 3.0(0.6-14.9) 3.0(0.6-15.2)
III(6.74-8.22) 4/292 (1.4%) 2.0(0.4-11.0) 2.3(0.4-12.9)
IV(≥8.23) 16/296 (5.4%) 8.2(1.9-36.0) * 10.7(2.4-47.9) *
  1. Values expressed as n(%) or odds ratio (95% CI)
  2. aAdjusted for age, gender, smoking status(never or past, current), exercise level(< 1 time/week, ≥1 time/week), alcohol drinking amount(in grams per day)
  3. * p < 0.001
  4. MS, metabolic syndrome; CI, confidence interval