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Table 4 Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test parameters of the whole HF population classified as Euglycemic, IR, and DM

From: Progressive right ventricular dysfunction and exercise impairment in patients with heart failure and diabetes mellitus: insights from the T.O.S.CA. Registry

Characteristics Study cohort Euglycemic IR T2D ANOVA
F-value p-value
VO2AT(ml/kg/min) 10.7 ± 3.5 11.4 ± 3.0 10.9 ± 3.6 9.5 ± 3.6 2.2 0.1
VO2max (ml/kg/min) 16.3 ± 4.9 18.0 ± 4.3 16.5 ± 4.3* 15.8 ± 3.8* 5.5  < 0.01
VE-VCO2SLOPE 32.3 ± 6.2 31.5 ± 6.2 32.3 ± 6.4 33.4 ± 7.8 0.8 0.5
  1. VO2AT, oxygen consumption at anaerobic threshold; VO2max, Maximal oxygen uptake or consumption; VE-VCO2SLOPE, minute ventilation/carbon dioxide production slope
  2. *p < 0.05 respect Euglycemic
  3. §p < 0.05 respect IR