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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the patients

From: Correlation of physical and cognitive impairment in diabetic and hypertensive frail older adults

  Values
N 179
Sex (M/F) 74/105
Mean age (years) 81.0 ± 8.5
BMI (kg/m2) 28.5 ± 1.4
SBP (mmHg) 129.3 ± 11.7
DBP (mmHg) 77.5 ± 9.5
Heart rate (bpm) 81.0 ± 9.0
5mGS test (m/s) 0.6 ± 0.1
Comorbidities
 COPD 55 (30.7)
 CKD 64 (35.8)
 HF 66 (37.5)
 Hyperlipidemia 70 (39.1)
Laboratory analyses
 Plasma glucose (mg/dl) 166.0 ± 58.67
 HbA1c (mmol/l) 7.5 ± 0.7
Global cognitive function
 MoCA 20.59 ± 3.8
Fried Criteria
 Weight loss 130 (72.6)
 Exhaustion 57 (31.9)
 Low physical activity 55 (30.7)
 Slowness 141 (78.8)
 Weakness 154 (86.0)
  1. Data are means ± SD for continuous variables or n (%) for categorical variables
  2. 5mGS 5-meter gait speed, BMI body mass index, CKD chronic kidney disease, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, DBP diastolic blood pressure, HbA1c glycated hemoglobin, HF heart failure, MoCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment, SBP systolic blood pressure