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Table 2 Renal function over time by physical activity groups and diabetes status

From: Association between exercise frequency with renal and cardiovascular outcomes in diabetic and non-diabetic individuals at high cardiovascular risk

  Baseline Week 6 Week 104 Week 260
  Mean eGFR (min.–max.) p-value Mean eGFR (min.–max.) p-value Mean eGFR (min.–max.) p-value Mean eGFR (min.–max.) p-value
All 70.84 (70.66–71.01) Ref. 68.59 (68.42–68.77) <0.0001 67.29 (67.11–67.48) <0.0001 65.14 (64.93–65.34) <0.0001
All by physical activity         
 Mainly sedentary 70.12 (69.76–70.49) Ref. 67.85 (67.48–68.22) Ref. 66.65 (66.25–67.04) Ref. 64.31 (63.86–64.75) Ref.
 Once/week 70.71 (70.21–71.22) 0.062 68.51 (68.00–69.03) 0.04 66.45 (65.90–67.00) 0.56 64.18 (63.57–64.79) 0.75
 2–4 times/week 70.99 (70.63–71.35) 0.001 68.75 (68.38–69.11) 0.0008 67.11 (66.72–67.49) 0.11 64.98 (64.56–65.40) 0.032
 5–6 times/week 71.42 (70.80–72.04) 0.0004 69.01 (68.37–69.64) 0.0022 67.75 (67.09–68.41) 0.0055 65.32 (64.60–66.05) 0.02
 Everyday 71.12 (70.82–71.41) <0.0001 68.92 (68.63–69.22) <0.0001 68.01 (67.70–68.32) <0.0001 66.02 (65.69–66.36) <0.0001
By diabetes         
 No diabetes 70.58 (70.31–70.86) Ref. 68.39 (68.11–68.67) Ref. 67.49 (67.20–67.77) Ref. 65.89 (65.58–66.19) Ref.
 Diabetes 71.26 (70.86–71.66) 0.022 68.94 (68.53–69.35) 0.064 66.95 (66.53–67.36) 0.075 63.75 (63.31–64.19) <0.0001
Diabetes by physical activity         
 No diabetes, ≤ once/week 70.27 (69.85–70.69) Ref. 67.90 (67.47–68.33) Ref. 67.04 (66.59–67.49) Ref. 65.29 (64.80–65.78) Ref.
 No diabetes, 2–6 times/week 70.86 (70.44–71.28) 0.035 68.70 (68.27–69.13) 0.005 67.57 (67.12–68.01) 0.078 65.99 (65.51–66.47) 0.033
 No diabetes, everyday 70.69 (70.30–71.09) 0.12 68.62 (68.22–69.03) 0.009 67.89 (67.47–68.31) 0.003 66.38 (65.93–66.83) 0.0006
 Diabetes, ≤ once/week 70.39 (69.84–70.93) Ref. 68.30 (67.75–68.86) Ref. 65.93 (65.35–66.51) Ref. 62.74 (62.10–63.37) Ref.
 Diabetes, 2–6 times/week 71.54 (70.95–72.14) 0.0011 69.02 (68.41–69.62) 0.049 66.68 (66.05–67.31) 0.05 63.19 (62.50–63.87) 0.029
 Diabetes, everyday 71.92 (71.35–72.48) <0.0001 69.49 (68.92–70.07) 0.0007 68.23 (67.63–68.82) <0.0001 65.27 (64.63–65.92) <0.0001