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Table 1 The comparisons of baseline sociodemographic factors, life style behaviors, diabetes-related variables, complications and blood biochemical indices according to mortality status in 10,583 patients with type 2 diabetes

From: Effect of blood lipid variability on mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes: a large single-center cohort study

Variables Mortality status p value
Alive (n = 8745) Dead (n = 1838)
Sociodemographic factors    
 Gender    0.02
  Female 4516 (51.64) 1003 (54.57)  
  Male 4229 (48.36) 835 (45.43)  
 Age (years) 57.48 ± 11.18 67.29 ± 10.54  < 0.001
 Life style behaviors    
  Smoking 1456 (16.65) 343 (18.66) 0.04
  Alcohol drinking 721 (8.24) 142 (7.73) 0.49
  Exercising 4459 (50.99) 1005 (54.68) 0.004
  BMI (kg/m2) 26.08 ± 4.13 25.26 ± 3.87  < 0.001
Diabetes-related variables    
 Duration of diabetes (years) 5.39 ± 6.33 8.91 ± 8.35  < 0.001
 Types of diabetes treatment     < 0.001
  Oral hypoglycemic drug 7312 (83.61) 1482 (80.63)  
  Inject insulin 125 (1.43) 26 (1.41)  
  Both 766 (8.76) 260 (14.15)  
  No 542 (6.20) 70 (3.81)  
 Complications    
  Hypertension 2613 (29.88) 837 (45.54)  < 0.001
  Dyslipidemia 1686 (19.28) 478 (26.01)  < 0.001
  Stroke 278 (3.18) 153 (8.32)  < 0.001
  Coronary artery disease 412 (4.71) 198 (10.77)  < 0.001
  Severe hypoglycemia 52 (0.59) 38 (2.07)  < 0.001
  Peripheral neuropathy 594 (6.79) 311 (16.92)  < 0.001
  Nephropathy 382 (4.37) 252 (13.71)  < 0.001
  DKA 34 (0.39) 13 (0.71) 0.09
  HHNK 60 (0.69) 38 (2.07)  < 0.001
 Blood biochemical indices    
  Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dL) 151.12 ± 52.4 161.57 ± 66.59  < 0.001
  HbA1c (%) 7.80 ± 1.70 8.06 ± 1.86  < 0.001
  High-density lipoprotein (mg/dL) 43.67 ± 11.66 41.11 ± 11.66  < 0.001
  Low-density lipoprotein (mg/dL) 111.97 ± 34.63 110.87 ± 35.69 0.22
  Triglycerides (mg/dL) 165.71 ± 237.63 171.49 ± 212.54 0.30
  Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 187.99 ± 43.32 188.48 ± 45.15 0.67
  1. Continuous variables in mean ± SD and categorical variables in number (%)
  2. The Student’s t-test for continuous variables and the chi-squared test for categorical variables to calculate p values