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Table 8 Glucose-HbA1c ratio (GHR) as an independent predictor of 1-year all-cause mortality

From: Optimal glucose, HbA1c, glucose-HbA1c ratio and stress-hyperglycaemia ratio cut-off values for predicting 1-year mortality in diabetic and non-diabetic acute myocardial infarction patients

  STEMI NSTEMI
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
GHR
 Below proposed cut-off 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
 Above proposed cut-off 2.28 1.80 2.89 1.30 0.92 1.83
Age in years
 < 40 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
 40–49 1.27 0.48 3.38 0.34 0.08 1.53
 50–59 1.47 0.57 3.80 0.45 0.12 1.73
 60–69 2.25 0.87 5.81 0.76 0.20 2.88
 70–79 3.99 1.53 10.43 1.22 0.32 4.67
 ≥ 80 7.85 2.92 21.09 2.13 0.54 8.42
History of MI/PCI/CABG
 No 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
 Yes 1.19 0.90 1.59 1.53 1.12 2.10
Killip class on admission
 I 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
 II 1.49 0.96 2.31 2.86 1.95 4.21
 III 2.46 1.66 3.66 3.22 2.09 4.93
 IV 4.01 3.04 5.29 21.20 10.60 42.39
CPR on arrival
 No 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
 Yes 3.73 2.62 5.31 10.31 3.25 32.74
Creatinine in µmol/L
 < 70 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
 70–105 0.73 0.51 1.06 0.71 0.43 1.16
 106–140 1.58 1.08 2.32 1.35 0.79 2.31
 141–176 2.05 1.27 3.29 1.20 0.61 2.36
 177–353 2.49 1.50 4.11 1.21 0.58 2.55
 ≥ 354 3.55 1.89 6.67 4.46 2.46 8.06
Haemoglobin in g/dL
 < 10 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
 10–11 1.21 0.68 2.14 1.27 0.72 2.21
 12–13 0.81 0.47 1.41 1.10 0.61 1.96
 14–15 0.56 0.32 0.99 0.44 0.22 0.88
 ≥ 16 0.67 0.37 1.24 0.42 0.16 1.10
  1. CABG coronary artery bypass grafting, CI confidence interval, GHR glucose-HbA1c ratio, MI myocardial infarction, NSTEMI non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, OR odds ratio, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, STEMI ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction