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Table 2 Overall mortality according to diabetes therapy in the inverse probability of treatment weighted pseudo-cohort within the KorAHF registry

From: Impact of insulin therapy on the mortality of acute heart failure patients with diabetes mellitus

Original cohort Weighteda pseudo-cohort
  Person-years Death (N) HR (95 % CI)b Person-years Death (N) HR (95 % CI)b  HR (95% CI)c
OHA-only 2277 329 1.00 2277 244 1.00 1.00
Insulin-only 1983 432 1.45 (1.26–1.67) 1983 432 1.27 (1.09–1.49) 1.41 (1.21–1.66)
OHA-only 2277 329 1.00 2277 395 1.00 1.00
All insulin 3478 689 1.33 (1.17–1.52) 3478 689 1.21 (1.07–1.36) 1.29 (1.14–1.46)
  1. N number, HR hazard ratio, CI confidence interval, OHA oral hypoglycemic agents
  2. aInverse probability of treatment (IPT)-weighted
  3. bCrude HR (95% CI)
  4. cAdditionally adjusted for age, vasodilators management at admission and ACEIs/ARBs management at dischare in the first pseudo-cohort with 426 OHA group and 682 insulin only group; adjusted for age, hypertension and inotropes and vasodilators management at admission