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Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample stratified by type 2 diabetes mellitus status and sex (n = 7443)

From: Association of sex-specific differences in lipoprotein(a) concentrations with cardiovascular mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Parameter No type 2 diabetes mellitus (n = 6988) Type 2 diabetes mellitus (n = 455)
Men Women Men Women
  3402 (48.7%) 3586 (51.3%) 249 (54.7%) 206 (45.3%)
Age (years) 50 (37, 63) 47 (36, 60) 65 (56; 71) 66 (59; 72)
Cardiovascular mortalitya (%) 331 (9.7) 201 (5.6) 73 (29.3) 52 (25.2)
Lipoprotein (a) (mg/L) 80 (42; 216) 87 (48; 235) 70 (38; 204) 105 (51; 358)
Serum glucose (mmol/L) 5.3 (4.9, 5.8) 5.0 (4.7, 5.5) 8.6 (6.5; 11.8) 8.4 (6.1; 11.5)
Weight (kg) 83 (75, 91) 68 (60, 77) 85 (76; 95) 75 (66; 87)
Height (cm) 175 (170, 180) 162 (158, 167) 172 (167; 176) 159 (156; 163)
Body mass index (kg/m2) 27.0 (24.8, 29.5) 25.7 (22.7, 29.7) 29.1 (26.4; 31.6) 29.4 (26.3; 34.0)
Waist circumference (cm) 95 (88, 102) 81 (73, 91) 101 (95; 109) 94 (84; 102)
Waist-to-hip ratio 0.93 (0.88, 0.97) 0.79 (0.76, 0.84) 0.96 (0.92; 0.99) 0.86 (0.81; 0.89)
Waist-to-height ratio 0.54 (0.50, 0.59) 0.50 (0.44, 0.56) 0.59 (0.56; 0.63) 0.59 (0.53; 0.64)
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 136 (125, 148) 125 (113, 140) 147 (135; 163) 145 (132; 156)
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 84 (76, 91) 79 (72, 86) 83 (75; 90) 81 (73; 87)
Hypertension (%) 1807 (53.2) 1299 (36.2) 205 (82.3) 166 (80.6)
Antihypertensive medications (%) 686 (20.1) 669 (18.7%) 133 (53.4) 131 (63.6)
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.6 (4.9, 6.4) 5.6 (4.9, 6.4) 5.5 (4.8; 6.2) 5.8 (5.1; 6.7)
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.16 (0.96, 1.40) 1.47 (1.22, 1.76) 1.02 (0.82; 1.23) 1.13 (0.93; 1.39)
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (mmol/L) 3.5 (2.9, 4.2) 3.3 (2.6, 4.0) 3.4 (2.8; 4.0) 3.6 (2.8; 4.3)
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.82 (1.23, 2.73) 1.30 (0.93, 1.90) 2.40 (1.76; 3.45) 2.24 (1.56; 2.99)
Lipid-lowering medication (%) 181 (5.3) 135 (3.8) 34 (13.7) 38 (18.5)
Smoking (%)
 Non-smokers 2350 (69.1) 2702 (75.4) 205 (82.3) 185 (89.8)
 Smokers 1050 (30.9) 883 (24.6) 44 (17.7) 21 (10.2)
Fasting > 8 h (%) 196 (5.8) 168 (4.7) 4 (1.6) 1 (0.5)
  1. Data are reported as median, 25th, and 75th percentile for continuous data or as absolute numbers and percentages for categorical data
  2. aCardiovascular mortality = ICD-10 codes: I10 to I79 and R99 in SHIP-0 and I10 to I99 in MONICA/KORA S3