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Table 5 Baseline characteristics stratified by sex

From: High-risk coronary artery plaque in asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes: clinical risk factors and coronary artery calcium score

Variable Overall n = 230 Men n = 168 Women n = 62 p-value
Age 62 ± 10 62 ± 10 61 ± 9 0.37
BMI, kg/m2 30.6 ± 4.8 31.4 ± 5.8 30.3 ± 4.3 0.09
Hypertension, n (%) 160 (70) 43 (66) 117 (71) 0.97
Hypercholesterolemia, n (%) 179 (78) 128 (76) 51 (82) 0.34
Current smoker, n (%) 53 (23) 41 (24) 12 (19) 0.42
Pack years 15.9 ± 19.2 17.5 ± 20.1 11.6 ± 15.9 0.04
Laboratory findings
 LDL cholesterol, mmol/L 1.99 ± 0.81 1.94 ± 0.82 2.12 ± 0.78 0.13
 HDL cholesterol, mmol/L 1.3 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.4 0.37
 HbA1c, mmol/mol 60.0 ± 14.4 61.5 ± 14.4 55.9 ± 12.7   0.01
 CACS, median [IQR] 72.5 [1;460] 137.0 [13;699] 4 0.0 [0;121]  < 0.001
 Duration of diabetes, years 10.9 ± 8.0 11.1 ± 8.2 10.4 ± 7.4 0.55
 Lipid-lowering duration, years 5.3 ± 5.7 5.3 ± 5.8 5.4 ± 5.4 0.86
 Diabetic complications, n (%) 123 (54) 55 (64) 68 (47) 0.01
Medication
 Lipid-lowering, n (%) 178 (77) 127 (76) 51 (82) 0.28
 Insulin, n (%) 90 (39) 69 (41) 21 (52) 0.32