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Table 3 Total atheroma volume and plaque composition in patients with CAD with HRP and CAD without HRP. N = 203

From: High-risk coronary artery plaque in asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes: clinical risk factors and coronary artery calcium score

Variable CAD with HRP n = 86 CAD without HRP n = 117 p-value
Vessel length, mm 209.1 ± 109.0 187.5 ± 117.7 0.18
TAV, mm3 867.5 ± 471.1 782.7 ± 653.1 0.31
PAV (%) 34.4 ± 7.0 31.9 ± 10.1 0.05
Normalized TAV 745.9 ± 250.6 730.7 ± 328.7 0.71
-Fibrous volume, mm3 432.2 ± 152.0 449.6 ± 169.4 0.45
-Fibrous-fatty volume, mm3 142.2 ± 63.5 108.4 ± 61.6  < 0.001
-Necrotic core volume, mm3 104.5 ± 100.1 43.8 ± 76.3  < 0.001
-Dense calcium volume, mm3 64.0 ± 69.4 131.1 ± 190.5 0.002
Coronary stenosis
 Mild (25–49%), n (%) 68 (79) 75 (64) 0.01
 Moderate (50–69%), n (%) 32 (37) 30 (26) 0.01
 Severe (≥ 70%), n (%) 3 (3) 3 (3) 0.52
  1. Volumes of fibrous, fibrous-fatty, necrotic core and necrotic core plaque were normalized according to vessel length
  2. TAV total atheroma volume, PAV percent atheroma volume, NAV normalized atheroma volume