Skip to main content

Table 2 Risk factors and conditions under consideration in this study

From: A molecular signature for the metabolic syndrome by urine metabolomics

Conditions* (RF1, RF2, RF3, RF4)
RF1 (Pre)Diabetes RF2 Obesity RF3 Dyslipidemia RF4 Hypertension
Fasting plasma glucose > 100
mg/dL
Previously diagnosed type 2
Diabetes, impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance or insulin resistance taking medication for hyperglycemia
BMI ˃ 30 kg/m2 Triglycerides > 150 mg/dL
HDL Cholesterol < 34.75 mg/dL in men or < 38.61 in women
Previously diagnosed hypercholesterolemia, hyperlipidemia or hypertriglyceridemia taking medication for dyslipidemia
Blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg
Previously diagnosed hypertension taking medication for hypertension
0/1 = absence/presence of the risk factor
0000 Apparently healthy 1001 Diabetes + hypertension
0001 Hypertension 1010 Diabetes + dyslipidemia
0010 Dyslipidemia 1100 Diabetes + obesity
0100 Obesity 0111 Obesity + dyslipidemia + hypertension
1000 Diabetes 1011 Diabetes + dyslipidemia + hypertension
0011 Dyslipidemia + hypertension 1101 Diabetes + obesity + hypertension
0101 Obesity + hypertension 1110 Diabetes + obesity + dyslipidemia
0110 Obesity + dyslipidemia 1111 Diabetes + obesity + dyslipidemia + hypertension
  1. RF: risk factor