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Table 4 Multiple regression analysis in patients without DFS compared to patients with DFS

From: Assessment of heart rate variability (HRV) in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus with and without diabetic foot: correlations with endothelial dysfunction indices and markers of adipo-inflammatory dysfunction

Variables DFS
B p Exp(B) 95% CI for Exp(B)
Sex 4.17  < 0.0005 64.9 7.7−546.8
Peripheral arterial disease (mmHg) −  0.13 0.002 0.87 0.80−0.95
Weight (kg) − 0.03 0.10 0.96 0.92−1.08
RHI − 2.65 0.007 0.07 0.01−0.48
Hypertension 1.70 0.15 5.52 0.51−59.2
Cardiovascular events − 0.42 0.57 0.65 0.15−2.84
Smoker − 0.87 0.27 0.42 0.09−2.02
MMSE corrected for age − 0.04 0.76 0.95 0.69−1.30
HF (Hz) 0.05 0.17 1.06 0.98−1.14
LF/HF (%) − 0.25 0.23 0.77 0.51−1.18
Omentin-1 (ng/mL) − 0.24 0.009 0.78 0.65−0.94
  1. Reference: NDFS
  2. DFS, diabetic foot syndrome; RHI, reactive hyperemia index; MMSE, Mini Mental State Examination; RMSSD, root mean square of the successive differences; HF, high frequency
  3. LF/HF, low frequency/high frequency; NDFS, non diabetic foot syndrome: diabetic subjects without foot ulcerations