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Table 4 Clinical characteristics, use of therapeutic procedures and hospital outcomes before and after propensity score matching among men and women with type2 diabetes hospitalized with hemorrhagic stroke

From: Sex-related disparities in the incidence and outcomes of hemorrhagic stroke among type 2 diabetes patients: a propensity score matching analysis using the Spanish National Hospital Discharge Database for the period 2016–18

Variables BEFORE PSM AFTER PSM
T2DM Men T2DM women p-value T2DM Men T2DM women p-value
35–49 years, n (%) 153 (2.06) 50 (1.12)  < 0.001 33 (0.74) 50 (1.12) 0.061
50–64 years, n (%) 1304 (17.52) 352 (7.87)  < 0.001 387 (8.65) 352 (7.87) 0.179
65–79 years, n (%) 3361 (45.16) 1671 (37.36)  < 0.001 1785 (39.91) 1671 (37.36) 0.059
 ≥ 80 years, n (%) 2624 (35.26) 2400 (53.66)  < 0.001 2268 (50.7) 2400 (53.66) 0.005
Age, mean (SD) 73.99 (9.32) 78.39 (9.75)  < 0.001 77.87 (9.32) 78.39 (9.75) 0.010
CCI mean (SD) 0.78 (0.69) 0.67 (0.63) 0.001 0.72 (0.62) 0.67 (0.63) 0.004
Obesity, n (%) 595 (8) 471 (10.53)  < 0.001 407 (9.1) 471 (10.53) 0.023
Hypertension, n (%) 4936 (66.33) 3079 (68.84) 0.005 3074 (68.72) 3079 (68.84) 0.909
Lipid metabolism disorders, n (%) 3495 (46.96) 2147 (48) 0.273 2119 (47.37) 2147 (48) 0.553
Renal disease, n (%) 1053 (14.15) 575 (12.85) 0.046 547 (12.23) 575 (12.85) 0.371
Atrial fibrillation, n (%) 1662 (22.33) 1217 (27.21)  < 0.001 1198 (26.78) 1217 (27.21) 0.651
Congestive heart failure, n (%) 427 (5.74) 322 (7.2) 0.001 300 (6.71) 322 (7.2) 0.360
Peripheral vascular disease, n (%) 439 (5.9) 96 (2.15)  < 0.001 99 (2.21) 96 (2.15) 0.828
Acute myocardial infarction, n (%) 385 (5.17) 108 (2.41)  < 0.001 109 (2.44) 108 (2.41) 0.945
Dementia, n (%) 357 (4.8) 444 (9.93)  < 0.001 316 (7.06) 444 (9.93)  < 0.001
Anemia, n (%) 205 (2.75) 205 (4.58)  < 0.001 141 (3.15) 205 (4.58)  < 0.001
Alcohol abuse, n (%) 667 (8.96) 38 (0.85)  < 0.001 308 (6.89) 38 (0.85)  < 0.001
Depression, n (%) 246 (3.31) 367 (8.2)  < 0.001 228 (5.1) 367 (8.2)  < 0.001
Sepsis, n (%) 114 (1.53) 50 (1.12) 0.060 55 (1.23) 50 (1.12) 0.624
Use of oral anticoagulants, n (%) 1262 (16.96) 915 (20.46)  < 0.001 871 (19.47) 915 (20.46) 0.244
Use of antiplatelet agents, n (%) 1138 (15.29) 598 (13.37) 0.004 627 (14.02) 598 (13.37) 0.372
Mechanical ventilation, n (%) 826 (11.10) 426 (9.52) 0.007 418 (9.34) 426 (9.52) 0.772
Decompressive craniectomy, n (%) 441 (5.93) 149 (3.33)  < 0.001 260 (5.81) 149 (3.33)  < 0.001
LOHS, median (IQR) 7 (11) 7 (11) 0.627 7 (11) 7 (11) 0.764
In-hospital mortality, n (%) 1968 (26.44) 1471 (32.89)  < 0.001 1265 (28.28) 1471 (32.89)  < 0.001
  1. T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus, CCI Charlson comorbidity index, LOHS length of hospital stay